Another reform that was introduced was bargaining between the defendant and the prosecutor. In addition, the scope of evidence that must be disclosed in trials was expanded, and new measures to protect witnesses and victims were introduced. This chart summarizes the legal status of khat Catha edulis , also known as kat, qat, chat, and miraa , a plant whose leaves have a stimulant effect when chewed.
It includes information regarding the legality of khat in each jurisdiction and, where it is banned, the applicable penalties. According to applicable tax laws or secondary sources, khat appears to be legal in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen, but is banned in Jordan.
Its status in Turkey, where it is categorized as a controlled substance, is unclear. Whereas it is legal under Turkish law to produce, sell, import, and export khat with a license, it appears that consumption of the substance is banned.
This report contains short summaries describing warnings similar to the Miranda warning that are required in jurisdictions around the globe. The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically include the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel. A number of countries also specify that a person who is arrested or detained has the right to be informed of the reasons for the arrest or detention or of the charges being brought.
In some countries, the additional right to have these things explained in a language the detainee understands is explicitly stated. Countries surveyed that have no Miranda-type warning were not included. This report examines the weapons and equipment generally at the disposal of law enforcement officers in several countries around the world. It also provides, for each of these countries, a brief overview of the rules governing the use of weapons by law enforcement officers.
This report provides information on the law on sports betting and integrity agreements in Australia and Great Britain. Each state and territory has its own legislation that regulates sports betting. Gambling in Great Britain is permitted and regulated by the Gambling Act Internet gambling operations fall within the purview of the Act if one piece of equipment related to online gambling is located within Great Britain. This report describes the programs of 18 countries and the European Union involving combating human trafficking, with a special focus on the training of personnel.
A majority of the surveyed countries have laws specifically targeting the problem of human trafficking and almost all the surveyed countries are parties to relevant international instruments addressing human trafficking. This report describes the law of twenty jurisdictions on the right to education, and whether the right appears in the national constitution or in statutory law.
The jurisdictions selected for review have different constitutional arrangements and reflect diverse political, cultural, and economic experiences. All of the surveyed jurisdictions recognize the right to education. Fifteen of them provide for the right in their national constitutions, while five provide for the right through legislation. All reflect an interesting diversity in how the right to education is recognized in varied jurisdictions around the globe.
This report provides information on select international and regional measures and the laws of 97 jurisdictions from around the world that relate to allowing children to reside in prison with an incarcerated parent. Additionally, most of jurisdictions surveyed require that prisons that admit children meet certain standards. This report surveys laws governing registration of lobbyists in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
A French law requiring registration will go into effect on July 1, The UK enacted a lobbying registration law in that requires lobbyists whose annual lobbying business reaches a certain threshold to disclose specified information. Germany does not have a mandatory register for lobbyists at the federal level, although it does have a voluntary register. This report discusses the regulation of campaign financing and spending in national elections and the availability of free airtime for campaign advertising in Austria, Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Specifically, the individual country surveys address the extent to which each country applies limits on the amounts that can be contributed to political parties and candidates, the existence of ceilings on campaign expenditures, and the availability of free airtime for broadcast advertising.
Countries included in this study demonstrate different models used in regulating campaign financing. This report surveys laws and practices regarding feedback on customer satisfaction from users of government services. The jurisdictions selected provide an array of representative approaches to obtaining feedback regarding user satisfaction.
Some countries have enacted laws requiring agencies to obtain information on customer satisfaction and incorporate such data into quality improvement efforts. Many of the countries reviewed here have established programs for evaluating customer satisfaction of public services.
Some countries have provided for large-scale, centralize surveying of customer satisfaction. This report contains information on 21 countries on the question of whether a bond, deposit, or fee is required in order to protest procedure in government procurement.
The majority of countries included in this report require the payment of fees for an administrative review. These fees can be forfeited if the claim is found to be frivolous. It was first applied in the federal budget of Details of the debt brake are implemented in articles 13 to 18 of the Financial Budget Act.
Compliance is monitored by the Swiss Federal Audit Office. This report summarizing laws on abortion in selected European countries shows diverse approaches to the regulation of abortion in Europe. A comparative summary with maps is included. This report describes the approval process for medical devices in the European Union and fifteen countries , and also indicates whether or not an expedited approval procedure is available. Electronic cigarettes in Germany are currently not subject to any age-related access restrictions.
The Federal Administrative Court concluded recently that nicotine-containing liquids in electronic cigarettes are not medicinal products and therefore can be sold without approval in accordance with the Medicinal Products Act. It is still unclear whether such liquids are covered by tobacco regulations and antismoking laws. This report contains discussions of the regulations addressing health emergencies in 25 jurisdictions , including countries from six continents, the European Union, and the World Health Organization.
All surveys included in this report review government structures tasked with delivering public health protection, relevant legislative frameworks for addressing health emergencies, and the powers of government institutions in times of health crises and their ability to mitigate the consequences of such crises.
Analyses of the regulation of such issues as disease surveillance and notification systems are also provided. A comparative summary and a bibliography are included. This report surveys 71 foreign countries , plus the United States and the European Union , on the issue of whether their laws permit legal immigrants to bring family members into the country for purposes of residence.
For many of the jurisdictions covered, the information provided focuses exclusively on family reunification for permanent residents. A bibliography of selected international and comparative law sources is provided. This report surveys laws related to asylum granting procedures in countries that are States Parties to the U.
It identifies fees charged to applicants in connection with an application for asylum. According to the research findings, the vast majority of countries do not charge a fee for applying for asylum. The rising number of asylum seekers and immigrants in the late s made migration policy a focus of the federal elections in The Migration Act overhauled German migration policy and placed the focus on long-term residency for migrants, in particular for skilled workers, and on integration measures.
The latest amendment to the migration framework, the Integration Act, entered into force in August This report surveys the laws related to the treatment of undocumented migrants who arrived as minors, their eligibility for obtaining legal status and access to social benefits, and their possibilities for becoming citizens. Additionally, all country surveys provide a general overview of national migration legislation, and past amnesty programs are reviewed to illustrate national efforts in resolving problems involving the legalization of undocumented youth.
A comparative summary and map is included. A New Zealand case involving an application for refugee status based on the effects of climate change in the Pacific Island nation of Kiribati has received media attention around the world. This report surveys the laws of eight democratic foreign jurisdictions with respect to whether there are special laws concerning children asylum-seekers, particularly unaccompanied children. As discussed more fully in the jurisdictional surveys, all of the jurisdictions covered in this report have provisions treating asylum-seeking minors differently from asylum-seeking adults.
This report describes the law and policy on refugees and other asylum seekers in 22 geographically dispersed countries and, at the supranational level, in the European Union. The individual surveys cover such topics as participation in relevant international conventions; laws and regulations governing the admission of refugees and handling refugee claims; processes for handling refugees arriving at the border; procedures for evaluating whether an applicant is entitled to refugee status; the accommodations and assistance provided to refugees in the jurisdiction; requirements for naturalization; and whether asylum policy has been affected by international emergencies, such as the current refugee crisis in Europe.
This report provides information on the laws of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Sweden, and the United Kingdom regarding the right to counsel for detained migrants. All countries included in the study allow detained migrants to be assisted by a lawyer.
In most of the countries, it is up to the migrant or asylum seeker to hire counsel; the government does not have an obligation to provide legal services to a person who entered the country without a valid visa or is subject to deportation. The country surveys reveal a wide variety of legal and regulatory approaches to this issue and the involvement of an array of actors at various jurisdictional levels.
This report surveys laws regulating the mandatory legal deposit of electronic materials. Each country survey provides information on the history of e-deposit programs in the country, identifies the national institutions charged with collecting and preserving electronic materials, analyzes the legal framework for depositing digital materials, lists the requirements applicable to publishers of such material, and describes the measures taken to bring e-deposit programs in line with the restrictions established by national copyright laws.
This report contains data on countries, indicating whether or not published books are subject to a mandatory deposit requirement at the national level and, if so, how many copies are required, where they must be deposited, and whether the deposit is part of the copyright system. Citations to the controlling legislation for mandatory deposits are provided. In all but 13 of the jurisdictions surveyed, deposits are required.
For some of these thirteen jurisdictions, deposits are voluntary, while in others, no information regarding deposit practices could be found. But high school and college students are assigned complex topics. They are rarely free to choose their own idea, so it makes the situation even more complicated. An argumentative essay should be based on three major set of skills of any good student:.
If one of these is your weak point, you would probably need online academic writing assistance. Anyway, you should try writing a persuasive paper on one of the chosen topics on your own. This is a good practice for your communication and research skills.
Argumentative essays are assigned to train your debating abilities. This assignment has a great influence on how a student will perform or give a public speech later. You might think that it's better when your teacher assigns a particular argumentative topic to you. Having a right to develop your own idea is always better. When working on the persuasive essay, a student has to collect all valuable and time-tested sources to prove his knowledge of the certain issue.
The best way of serving my country. The Power of Habit. Farewell Party at School. A Stitch in Time Saves Nine. Problems of Rising Prices. Honesty is The Best Policy. We Live in Deeds. Look Before You Leap. No Pains, No Gains. Five Virtues I Admire Most. Necessity is the Mother of Invention. The Wolf and the Lamb. A Faithful Dog and its Master. An Old Arab Merchant.
The Cap seller and the Monkeys. The Monkey and Two Cats. The Shepherd Boy and the wolf. Duties of an Ideal Student. How I saved a Drowning Child. How I caught a Thief. Five Places I like most.
My First Day at Schoo. Goal of My life. Science in Everyday Life. Simple Living and High Thinking. Traveling as a Part of Education. Problems of Working Women. Evils of Caste System. Violence in Public Life. How I Celebrated My Birthday. Cycling- Its Pleasures and Advantages. Visit to a Circus. Five Professions I Admire Most.
A Journey by Bus. The Pen is Mightier than the Sword. Cinema as a Means of Education. The Life of a Soldier. Why Indians Should Study English. If I Were A Millionaire. The tragedy of old age. Is government going out of fashion?
Green activism can go too far. Indians are non-violent by nature. Death penalty solves nothing Death. Can Television affect Society? Recollections of My Childhood. A House on Fire. Scenes at a Village Well. A Visit to an Exhibition. A Visit to the Museum. World Cup Cricket Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
Great Female Singers of India. My aim in life. The creature I hate most. How I saved a drowning child. How I caught A thief. How I made a cup of tea. On being caught without ticket. An encounter with robbers. Holi- The festival of colors. If I were a bird. If I were a cloud. A flight in an Aero plane. A Journey by Boat. A visit to the zoo. A visit to a Museum. An Indian village The Menace of Adulteratio. The future of democracy in India. The value of water. The value of Trees. The value of truth.
The Value of Character. The value of Discipline. The Autobiography of a Five Rupee Coin. The Autobiography of a Cloth. The Autobiography of a Mango Tree.
The Autobiography of a Horse. If Winter Comes, Can Spring be far behind? The Season I Like Most. Slow and Steady Wins the Race. Handsome is That Handsome Does. Science — A Blessing or A Curse. Science and Human Happiness. Some Emerging Science Trends in India. The Jogging Robots Robots. The Menace of Garbage. The Menace Of Loudspeakers. Effects Of Greenhouse Gases. The Secret Of Happiness. Life In A Big City. The Annual Prize Distribution Function. The Story Of Man.
Students and Politics in India. Importance of School Magazine. The Cable Boom in India. Patriotism alone is not Enough. Standardization of Indian Rupee. Dangers of Rash Driving. Dangers of a Fast Life. Urban Life Vs Rural Life. Cinema and its Effects. The Rights and Wrongs of Free Expression. Advertising and Social Responsibility. Challenge Before Television in India.
Television and Teenage Violence. Foreign Media in India. The Politics of Information. Science is the need of the Day. Moral dilemmas inherent in Scientific Progress. Are Science and Art.
Animals too have rights. Human Being and Natural Disaster. Capital Punishment in India. Can death be a therapy? History needs to be Rewritten. If human beings can be cloned. If the British had not colonized India. Material process and Human Values. Let Women Take Over. On Good and Bad Neighbours. Relevance of Gandhi Today. Sustainable Development and Environment. How to Plan your Career. Status of Women in India. Dowry System in India. My Aim in Life. Wars- Destructive for Humanity.
Age of Information Technology. Cultural Unity of India. Our Duties to the Poor. Importance of Good Manners. Role of Newspaper in India. Download 26 Educational Android Apps. About Vision Website Inauguration Function. English Essay on various topics, current issues and general issues for Class 10 , 12 and Other Classes. Essay Topics Total Essays: Rural Uplift Programme of India 2. Advertisement or The Age of Advertisements 3. Role of Judiciary in the Country Today 5. Reservation for Women in Legislative Assemblies and Parliament 6.
The Coalition Politics 7. Man and Environment One Day Cricket Match Future of English in India A Terrifying Experience My Pet Aversion Journalism as a Profession Freedom of the Press Rising Prices or Price Hike The Dowry System Corruption in India Black Money In India Some Popular Indian Superstitions Student in Discipline Man versus Machine The Television Craze Impact of Cinema in Life The Video — CD Craze Value of Newspapers Democracy Vs Dictatorship Future of Democracy in India Adult Education in India Participation of Students in Politics The Present System of Examinations Importance of Vocational Education India and The Atom Bomb A World free from wars Advantages of Science Energy Crisis in the World Place of Women in Society Today Computer Its Role in Life Today Value of Discipline The impact of Privatization Role of Banking in Rural Development Indo—Pak Bridges of Peace India is a World Power To Drink or Not to Drink Role of Students in Free India The Problem of Beggary in India Problem of Unemployment Need for Rural Uplift in India Science and Religion Country Life Versus Town Life Advantages and Disadvantages of Hostel Life Library and its Uses Value of Travelling Sports and Games—Their Importance Pleasures of Mountaineering Life in a Big City The Concept of Secularism Students and Military Training Inside an Examination Hall Your Aim in Life Your Favourite Book Your Favourite Writer Value of Broadcasting If I Become a Millionaire A Journey in a Crowded Train An Ideal Budget An Ideal Student Youth and Age Variety is this Spice of Life Work is worship All that Glitters is Not Gold Joys and Sorrows go Hand in Hand in Life Beauties of Nature An Ideal Citizen Life in a College The Value of Friendship Pleasures of Reading A Visit to a Historical Place Cowards Die many a Time Before their Death A College Function My Likes and Dislikes Adversity Brings out the Best in Man The Greatest Day in your Life A Thing of Beauty is a Joy Forever Evils of Smuggling The Hidden Truth Return of Democracy in Nepal Center—State Relations in India The Tsunami Disaster and After The Threat of Bio-Terrorism Chance of Government at the Center Empowerment of Women Abdul Kalam—The President of India Reshaping the UN Security Council The Problem of Poverty Defence Preparedness and Security Challenges Corruption in High Places The Era of Coalition Space Exploration in India Space Exploration and Research Environment in Danger Infrastructure in India Power Famine in India Role of Bureaucracy in India Need for Electoral Reforms in India Decentralisation or Centralisation of Power Public Opinion and Indian Democracy Challenges to Indian Democracy The Menace of Terrorism Religion And Politics Electrical Reforms in India Coalition Politics in India Criminalisation of Politics India at 50 — Achievements and Failures Resurgence of Judiciary Fifty Years of Indian foreign policy Threats to Nation Building Process The Relevance of Mahatma Gandhi Changing face of Caste System Democracy and India High Prices and Their Effects The Twelfth Lok Sabha Elections Need for Peace and Harmony in India Role of Banks in Solving Unemployment Black Money problem in India The End of Communist Ideology Intellectual Property Rights-Patents Globalization versus Regionalism Globalization- Rich or Poor Dichotomy The Future of English in India The Importance of Library The value of games and sports Sex Education necessary in Schools Corporal Punishment in Schools Pleasure of Reading The Importance of Moral Education Right to Education an Opportunity and a Challenge Science- A Blessing or A Curse The Role of Computers in Everyday Life Space Programs of India Our Cultural Heritage Historical Monuments of India Dances of India My favourite Artiste Unemployment in India Land Reforms in India Problem of Rural Indebtedness in India Impact of Economic Reforms Fifty Years of Indian Planning Forests for National Welfare Impact of Television on Our Social Values Tasks before the Indian Scientists Autonomy to Electronic Media Prasar Bharti Social Problems of India Role of Women in Indian Society Whither Indian Youth Crime Against Women Beauty is Truth and Truth Beauty Education Problems of India Cultural Problems of India Political Emancipation of Women Child Labour In India Changing Idea of Family Two Contradictory faces of human nature Freedom is the birth-right of man The Past is the root of the Present Democracy and Dictatorship Role of Religion Indian Architectural Skills Politics is an Art of Gaining power and the craft of retaining it Discoveries and Inventions of Man endangered his life Aim and Purpose of Education The Principal Business of Life is to Enjoy it Concept of Art and Poetry Drama and Real Life Fifty Years of Indian Films Role of Press Democracy without discipline is meaningless Role of opposition party in India My Favorite Poet My Favorite Sports Start Unity in Diversity The New Seven Wonders of the World The Role of Newspaper The India of My Dreams Tourism in India The Craze for Fashion The Problem of Insurgency Disinvestment in Public Sector Undertaking Indian Export Basket Fresh Reorganization of States Population trends in India Concept of A Welfare State Unemployment Problem in India Examinations under Scrutiny Travails of Living in Delhi Feeding the Hungry Billions Primary Education in India
English Essay on various topics, current issues and general issues for Class 10, 12 and Other Classes.
Aug 14, · Current Events and Controversial Issues. Not Sure Which Topic to Choose? Current Events; Controversial Issues; Facts on File coverage of all major political, social, and economic events. Gives weekly overviews of current events with news stories. Covers events going back to November research, topic ideas.
But you do need to do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. 14 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Jan 17, · How is the election of Trump, reminiscent of s America? If so why, if not why not. (With examples). The United States is frequently compared to Rome. Is the Mongol Empire not a more appropriate analogy? If so why, or why not (with examples and.
Controversial essay topics are burning, hot issues, which raise heated debate and provoke confrontation concerning an ambiguous subject of a current interest.. These are issues about which people have very strong yet divergent feelings and opinions, which lead to much dispute and argument. Free current issues papers, essays, and research papers.