Kuritzkes , they believe that, since the epidemic of the virus, there has been over 60 million infected people worldwide and a little over 2 million in the United States of America.
According to statistics done we see that almost half of them maybe women and a little over 3 million might be children under the age of 15 years. Of the over 2 million living with the virus in the United States, at least half of them might have died due to complications brought by the virus. It is important to note that, of all the people infected by the HIV, in the end they will develop AIDS depending on their defensive mechanism and general health.
The origin of the disease is still a mystery with some theories put in place. The epidemic has been enormous and, the first case might have been reported back in in Madras, India. In India, there are three groups, which get tested, for the disease. These are pregnant women who go for check ups, drug users and those who go for checkups in the special clinics for sexually transmitted diseases Savitri Ramaiah, In the central Asian countries, the epidemic of HIV is still in its early stages.
Though, there has been a numerous increase in the changes of those infected in the recent years. The virus infection among adults in the Central Asian countries may vary between 0. There are NGOs in the area which are trying to educate and help people in both areas that may be highly affected and those that are not Joana Godinho, In conclusion, I believe that HIV is a major public health issue and that people should put more effort to finding ways of arresting it.
We see that, in the recent years, it may have caused a lot of deaths leading to a high-mortality rate globally. Anyway, if you need help with research paper writing — feel free to contact our research paper writing company! Order a custom written paper of high quality Professional Writers only. But if you are, the body system will eventually try to fight the infection through making "antibodies".
One may be HIV-positive but continue living for many years. Two types of HIV infect humans: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus in action means your immune system is under attack, and the viruses and parasites that would otherwise not cause any inconveniences, may severely harm you if you are HIV-positive, the virus harms almost every organ. An HIV-positive person is at a greater risk of developing fatal diseases, like cancer.
And if a relatively healthy HIV-negative person has cancer he or she might get cured or live for substantial period of time, an HIV-positive developing AIDS person with cancer might die within several months, because the body is unable to fight against the attackers of the immune system.
The healthiness of the immune system is counted in CD4 cells. HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to another through: You may get infected with HIV through an unprotected sexual contact, direct blood contact, including injection drug needles, blood transfusions, mother to baby before or during pregnancy, birth, or through breast feeding — the breast milk contains HIV of an infected mother.
The above-stated ways of getting HIV are estimated to be high to extremely high risks if getting the devastating virus of human immunodeficiency. So, as they say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. It usually takes up to two months sometimes more for the immune system to produce antibodies to HIV, so there is no use testing straight after being exposed to the treat of getting HIV.
Still, one should keep in might he or she might transmit the virus to others in case of HIV-infection being in force. Antibody testing for HIV at 3 and 6 months after possible exposure will detect almost all the infections, and the test results are With children born to HIV-positive mothers the case for testing is much more complicated: The Home Access test kit enables to collect a sample of your blood that might be forwarded to a laboratory for testing.
You can get tested anonymously, but in case the results are positive and the treatment takes place, the name of the infected person may be reported to the Department of Health. The track of the HIV-positive patients is kept confidential.
The most common HIV test is a blood test and the results are usually available in a fortnight. There also are newer "Rapid" HIV test mouth fluid or urine. The results are available within 30 minutes. A positive result should definitely be confirmed with a second test. A positive test result does not mean that you have AIDS.
If you test positive, you should learn more about HIV and decide how to take care of your health. Highly active antiretroviral therapy does not cure HIV, at it does not even alleviate the symptoms, and moreover, some types of viruses are HAART resistant.
Still, it is the only truly helpful medication available. After a highly significant exposure, a post-exposure prophylaxis PEP is being conducted. It is an antiretroviral treatment lasting approximately a month and having unpleasant side effects like diarrhea, nausea, etc. Daily multivitamin and mineral supplements are also useful for support of an infected person because it prolongs the time before HAART is required for the patient.
Among the main reasons for the AIDS to spread quickly around the world is the poor access to medical care, inadequate social supports, psychiatric disease and drug abuse among the HIV-positive patients. The only known methods of prevention are based on avoiding exposure to the virus. The main ways of adhering to this practice are avoiding unprotected sexual relations and exposure to the infected body fluids the latter refers to intravenous drug users sharing syringes, health care workers, and recipients of blood transfusions and blood products.
Remember that HIV may be caused even by using an infected needle for piercing or a tattoo. Nearly all people infected with HIV through blood transfusions received those transfusions before , which was only a couple years after AIDS was officially recognized. In the late the HIV test of the donated blood has become possible.
Still, there are cases of getting HIV-infection through the blood transfusions, especially in the third world countries, where the levels of such infections are still extremely high. It is obvious that will all the inconveniences and devastating effects caused by the HIV, it is easier to prevent getting infected then wasting the lifetime trying to fight the unavoidable. It will eventually lose the power and any disease may become fatal.
AIDS Research Paper essaysWhat is AIDS and how is it spread? Around the world, AIDS has been a top killer for many people throughout the 20th century and is spread numerous ways. Scientist have been hard at work for years to find a cure for AIDS, but only have been able to find ways to treat it.
HIV/AIDS Callyn Dwiggins Biology P.4 tanner HIV Stands for Human Immunodeficiency Disorder. HIV tags on to certain cells and copy’s itself. HIV causes slow but constant damage to the immune system.
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