If the population was not controlled and continued to increase, China would soon have to face the problems associated with overpopulation and diminishing return to labour. In conclusion, the decision of the implementation of the One-Child Policy in was supported in this research. Although the One-Child Policy has shown to have benefitted the economic growth of China in the short term and 16 years long term, it may have an adverse effect in the very long term. Therefore, the implementation of the One-Child Policy was supported in but the decision of the continuation of the One-Child Policy is to be remained uncertain.
The results obtained in the research only give a suggestion of the implementation of the One-Child Policy. There are certain limitations in the research. A number of measurement issues need to be addressed are stated below.
As a proxy of the education level, it is better to use the average number of schooling as it gives a clearer picture of the education level of the population. Unfortunately, the National Bureau of Statistics of China has not recorded this variable for the period, - As a proxy of the living standard, it is better to use the gross fixed capital formation per capita as it accounts the fact that the living standard increases faster than the population growth.
Unfortunately, the size labour force was also not recorded. There are several missing figures in the data. The missing figures usually occur in to Although interpolation has used to calculate the missing data in between, the lack of data may lead to inaccuracies in the results. There may be inaccuracies in the figures of the crude birth rate. Many illegal birth of baby girls occurred due to the traditional son preference in China. The actual crude birth rate should be higher as the illegal births were not recorded.
The lack of the sample sizes may also lead to inaccuracies in the results which determine the long term effect of the One-Child Policy. There are only 13 observations after the adjustments, which may lead to no significant variable being detected even if there is a one present. Furthermore, only the labour market was accounted to determine the long term effect of the One-Child Policy in this study. Although the implementation of the One-Child Policy was generally supported in the results, it may not be supported in different areas of China.
The average crude birth rate was used in the research, and thus the decision of the One-Child Policy may not be supported in individual cities. China's dismal statistics Anon. The research provides general study on the implementation of the One Child Policy in China. It can be further studied to achieve a deeper level of understanding of the policy. As mentioned in the previous section, the analysis of the implementation of the One-Child Policy may differ from cities.
The number of births has been largely reduced, and the population started to age. Urban areas may have started to face the shortage of labour and problems related to demographic aging. This suggestion has been supported as the citizens in Shanghai were encouraged to have two children per family since Xie Linli, Furthermore, the action taken in Shanghai has supported my conclusion in the research which China was not facing the diminishing return of labour. The relationship between the GDP per capita and the crude birth rate in different cities can be revised by cities.
The population theories will possibly be supported by the analyses in different cities. Same methods and tests can be used and the data required can also be found in the official website of the National Bureau of Statistics of China. Since the One-Child Policy was criticised to have violated the human rights, the results obtained from this further research will aid the find suggestions to other family planning in China. If the crude birth rate was found positively correlated with the economic growth in different cities, some policy suggestions can be made.
For example, more births can be allowed or only the spacing between births is controlled. Alteration of the policy will possibly bring advantages to China. The criticisms of the family planning may reduce; the number of female infanticides may also be reduced, and may lead to the further increase in the economic growth in China. The One-Child Policy has always been a source of controversy since its execution; there are many more potential studying areas.
In the analysis chapter, the growth in the number of tertiary enrolment in China was found insignificant to explain the economic growth. Another independent variable such as the percentage of people that have finished secondary schools can be used as a proxy of the education level. More research can be done on the relationships between the One-Child Policy, education and crude birth rate.
The relationship between the variables can also be found using the time series OLS regression. Although the education level of the people was increased by the One-Child Policy, there are other factors that affect the education level. As the education level of the people increased, the desire of improving the qualities of life may increase and the desire having children may decrease. As a result, the crude birth rate may not only be affected by the One-Child Policy, but also the increased level of education.
The results obtained can help to notice if the effect of the One-Child Policy was overestimated in the present study, and at the same time help to gain a better understanding of the economic growth in China.
In an attempt to avoid problems connected with overpopulation, the Chinese government in adopted the One-child Policy, which restricted each family to have more than one child nowadays, exceptions are allowed due to reforms. However, although it helped to some extent, this policy also had a number of unforeseen consequences.
It is not clear which of the positive effects of the One-child Policy had been planned in advance, but one of them is the dramatic improvement of the financial status of many Chinese families. As a result, Chinese parents can afford sending children to foreign colleges for studying, buy and consume more goods thus moving the economy forward , and so on. At the same time, the implementation of the One-child Policy before reforms led to a number of horrifying violations of human rights all across China, and especially in rural regions.
There were numerous stories about coercive practices of forced late-term abortions, when the community insisted on a woman being pregnant with a second child to get rid of it. There were reports about involuntary sterilizations; this was combined with the practice of whistleblowing, when people reported about their neighbors who dared to conceive a second child Newsweek.
Nowadays, the situation has improved due to a number of amendments made in this policy; but a couple of decades ago, the situation was much worse. Yet another negative effect is the problem. In China, a child takes care of his or her parents and grandparents, if they are still alive when they become an adult. In the times when there were many children in a family, this was not an issue; however, nowadays a grownup singleton must take care of two parents, and four grandparents—including financial support, health care, and so on.
Considering that by , the amount of senior citizens 65 years old or older are expected to be more than a quarter of the whole population of China, it is not hard to imagine the excessive burden of family responsibilities that each singleton will have to face IO9. The notorious Chinese One-child Policy has lead to a number of controversial effects. On one side, modern Chinese young men and women born after are more educated than previous generations, as families can focus all their incomes on one child; also, the rates of consumption of various goods have increased.
Also, children born under the policy will have to face an excessive burden of taking care after old parents and relatives—all on their own. Is English your native language? What is your profession? Student Teacher Writer Other. Academic Assignment Writing an Essay.
The One-Child Policy was claimed to be "a short-term measure" when it was first introduced in China.(Hesketh, Li& Zhu ) Now that the policy has already been implemented for three decades, although it does have certain advantages, its negative consequences also eventually appear and have aroused worries from the society.
China’s one child policy was introduced in and began applying to all families in It followed on the heels of a marketing message from the government that heavily promoted the idea that “One is good; two is okay; three is too many.” China’s one child policy was not the government’s first attempt to limit the size of families.
One of the most overpopulated regions in the world is China, where the amount of people is close to billion. In an attempt to avoid problems connected with overpopulation, the Chinese government in adopted the One-child Policy, which restricted each family to have more than one child (nowadays, exceptions are allowed due to reforms). The one child policy was introduced in China as a family planning policy to limit the growth of China’s population. The one child policy meant that it was forbidden by law for couples to have more than one child. If they did have more than one child, they would be punished, except if the first birth in the family were drossel.tks: 1.
In , China decided to establish a one child policy which states that couples are only allowed to have one child, unless they meet certain exceptions.In order to understand what social impacts the one child policy has created in China it important to evaluate the history of this law. The policy generally prevents people from having more than one child in order to control the growth of the huge population, which is named one-child policy. What people debate on is if the policy is good for the development of China.