Skip Nav

Citing References in Scientific Research Papers

This article is a part of the guide:

❶Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e.

Citation Style Guides at Willamette University

Citation–Sequence and Citation–Name
You are here
Language & Lit

When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Internet sources should be included in your Literature Cited section.

For information on evaluating internet sources, look at: For unusual reference citations such a government documents, technical reports, etc, refer to Huth et al for a complete listing of citation formats. A copy of this reference should be available in the Ladd Library and a copy is available in the Biology Department. Suppose some of the information cited above was not gained from the Gumwad and Bugjuice publications, but rather in a personal conversation with or letter from an expert on the subject, Dr.

When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way: In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper. The format for entries in the Literature Cited section differs for books and for journal papers because different kinds of information must be provided.

The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices. Some basic rules applicable to all formats indexed by author name s: The role of estrogen in mouse xxxx courtship behavior changes as mice age.

J Physiol 62 6: Mouse xxxx Mus musculus as a dietary alternative for humans. J Nutrition 33 6: Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. J Physiol 40 2: Physiological effects of estrogen analogs: Insincere courtship xxxx behavior in female mice. J Physiol 40 8: Each model is shown as the full citation plus the in-text citation format.

Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship Bugjuice OR Bugjuice The role of whisker length in mouse J Physiol 61 3: The complete web address should be presented so that anyone else could easily visit the same website. Attempt to include the following elements not all elements appear on all Web pages: URL full web address.

The formatted citation would look like this: Author's last name, First initial. Title of the page. Title of the complete site. New horizons in esthetic dentistry videocassette]. Chicago Dental Society, View all in Career Advancement. A survey overview Journal indexing Understanding the basics 10 Point checklist to identify predatory publishers [Infographic] How can I find out if a journal is included in Journal Citation Reports?

Open access vs subscription model: What do journals prefer? View all in Publication Buzzwords. The basics of rapid publication Patient peer reviews: An unorthodox approach to clinical trial publication China aspires to lead the world in artificial intelligence by View all in Global Trends.

Responsibilities of journal editors towards authors As an author, would you prefer to have your paper freely available to everyone for viewing or download? Behind the scenes Pledge to publish ethically today View all in Beyond Research. Who's responsible for misrepresenting science — media or journals?

Perceptions of science in media and the non-scientific community 5 Steps to tweet your research at conferences effectively 8 Tips to increase the reach of your research in Is there a gap between the scientific and non-scientific community? View all in Science Communication. No Content What top universities are doing to stay ahead of the curve Is there a gap between the scientific and non-scientific community?

Perceptions of science in media and the non-scientific community Misinformation in science news: How the media shapes public understanding 5 Steps to simplifying language in research communication.

Upcoming Events No Content What top universities are doing to stay ahead of the curve Is there a gap between the scientific and non-scientific community? A global perspective on plagiarism. Make peer reviews more effective! Navigating through peer review, selecting preferred reviewers, and more. How to write a cover letter for journal submissions. How to create an outline for your research paper. What is the best way of stating the background of a study?

What is the difference between a research paper and a review paper? In research, what is the difference between implication and recommendation?

Taking inclusion in peer review to a new level: Kids as reviewers for scientific manuscripts. Learning how to perform a review should be part of the PhD training. Everybody faces manuscript rejection, even a Nobel Laureate. A Women's Day special Academic publishing and scholarly communications: Good reads, July View all in Recommended Reading.

Expanding the effort through new tools for authors and editors Editorial Manager: A tutorial for authors New CrossMark service alerts readers to changes in published scholarly works: Author perspectives on the academic publishing process: What causes cancer - "bad luck" or extrinsic factors? Stem cell divisions in tissues indicate cancer risk. Interaction between magnetic fields of Earth and sun observed.

Researchers identify the genes that increase the risk of Type 1 diabetes. Researchers develop a theoretical model to reduce antibiotic resistance.

Courses What causes cancer - "bad luck" or extrinsic factors? Yateendra Joshi Jan 16, 1,, views. Save to read later.

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College.

Privacy FAQs

Scientific Style and Format presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references.

About Our Ads

As a rule of thumb, if there is more than one author of a source, simply use the first author's last name, followed by et al. (e.g. [Parsons et al. ]). This is Latin for "and others". The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. Scientific papers typically use a AMA format. Cite your source in-text by using superscript numerals. Number the citations in the order in which they appear in the text?.

Cookie Info

Apa Style in Text Citations. The American Psychological Association standard (APA-standard) is used in most social and psychological papers, and variations of the author/date style are used by many scientific drossel.tk this style, after every paraphrase, you include the surname of . Some journals,e.g., Science, use a number system to give the text reference. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.