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❶Use footnotes or endnotes.

How to Format an in Text Citation

November 30, 2016
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

If no date of publication is provided, use the letters n. The copyright date on the website itself should not be used as the publication date for particular content on that site. If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed.

For example, if the site says the content was first published in and last updated on August 6, , then use the date in the in-text citation and reference list. However, if the site says it was first published in and last reviewed in July , then use the date because a review does not imply that any information was changed. If you use information from multiple pages on a website, create a separate reference list entry for each page, with in-text citations that correspond to the appropriate reference list entry.

It is common for writers to have multiple entries with the same author and year , so to differentiate these entries, use a letter after the year e. Put references with no date before references with dates, and put in-press references last.

Academic progression to meet the needs of the registered nurse, the health care consumer, and the U. In text, you can cite these references separately as usual e. Simply state the author once and then provide the years of the applicable references in chronological order, separated by commas. Do you have more questions about how to create in-text citations for content from websites or webpages?

Leave a comment below. Posted by Chelsea Lee at Thanks, Wallace Dear Wallace, This is a tricky question, but we can help! Determining Website Authors It can be confusing to determine who the author of a website or webpage is. Determining Website Dates A second source of confusion is that many websites or webpages do not include publication dates.

Multiple Website Citations If you use information from multiple pages on a website, create a separate reference list entry for each page, with in-text citations that correspond to the appropriate reference list entry. Multiple reference list entries: One way to cite the author is to introduce him or her in the sentence prior to the quotation or paraphrase.

Alternatively, name the author in parentheses. If you do not introduce the authors of the work in the sentence itself, you must state the last name or names in parentheses. Even though it was previously accepted as fact, this is only a misconception Smith, Doe, and Rowell, Specify the page range on which the information can be found. List the page number or numbers the cited information can be found on in parentheses.

If using a page range, separate the page numbers with a hyphen. If using page numbers that are not part of a range, separate the numbers with a comma. Do not separate the author's name and the page number with a comma.

Erikson claims otherwise Some experts claim otherwise Erikson New information clarifies this situation Doe 18, Provide a first initial for different authors that share the same last name. If you need to cite two works written by two different authors with the same last name, indicate the two different authors by including a first initial as well as the last name.

Current lingual theory supports this concept L. Hoffman 87 , but some linguists disagree M. Hoffman supports this concept 87 , but M. Use the title if no author is available.

If the author of a source is unavailable, use a shortened form of the title, instead. Put articles and short works in quotation marks and books or other long works in italics. Provide a page number as usual. The study of psychology continues to expand in this area Psychological Discoveries Specify the title when using more than one work by the same author. If you are citing information from multiple works written by the same author, include the title of the work in parentheses, followed by the page number.

Use quotation marks for short works and italics for long works. You can introduce the name of the author in the sentence or you can specify the author in parentheses before listing the title, separating the author and the title with a comma. Doe holds to this belief "Theories on Literature" , but he has been known to stray from it on occasion Analysis of Popular Poems Separate multiple citations with a semicolon.

If borrowed information comes from more than one source, cite each source in parentheses as usual and separate the individual sources with semicolons.

Many wonder if the facts have been exaggerated Doe and Simmons ; Williams Name the author and website if using an Internet source. Non-print sources do not have standard page numbers. Instead of providing a page number or paragraph number, indicate the source by specifying the author's name and the name of the article or website. Both the author and website name can be included either in parentheses or in the sentence. You should have at least one of the two pieces of information in parentheses, but you can also include both pieces of information in parentheses, separated with a comma.

Use footnotes or endnotes. Typically, in-text citations are indicated through the use of footnotes or endnotes. Immediately after the punctuation mark that follows the borrowed information, mark the citation with a superscript number. The number should correspond to the present number of citations used in the text. You may introduce the name of the author in the sentence, but it is not necessary.

This information is considered fact by all but a few critics. Provide a full citation in the first footnote. At the end of the page or the end of the paper, cite the author's first and last name and the name of the article.

Include the author's name even if you mentioned it in the text itself. Following this information, indicate the city of publication, the name of the publisher, and the year of publication in parentheses. Immediately following this, include the page number on which the borrowed information can be found.

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This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster. Chicago Manual of Style. This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.

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How to Write | Free Citation Generator This Free Citation Generator, with its Style Guides and Community Forum, is run by Scholars for APA Style and MLA Style (Harvard referencing) as well as Chicago Notes Style and Turabian Style (Oxford referencing), for your Bibliography, List of Works Cited, and Reference List.

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Citations As an academic writer, you must document all of the sources of information that you include in your papers, presentations, and any other projects. The reason for citations and documentation is to credit the author and publisher for their original work and . Mla Style in Text Citations. The MLA style in text citation has two variations, the author/page number, although the modern trend is for author/year/page number, such as (Sargeant , 17) If there are more than two authors listed, then the usual standard is to mention both (Sargeant & McEvoy, ).

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MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. Writing Website In-Text Citations and References But how do I write an in-text citation for content I found on a website? Do I just put the URL in the sentence where I cite the information? Thanks, Wallace. In text, you can cite these references separately as usual (e.g., American Nurses Association, b), or you can combine.