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What were the long-term effects of World War II?

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What Were Some of the Most Important Effects of World War II?

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People were also recommended to grow a lot of their own food, lots of land was turned into farms.. Thousands of Britain's men died fighting on the boarders of France fighting Germany. After the war had been won, Britain suffered great losses and had to build up their economy for lots of their industries had been bombed.

At this time it was called a Cold War for neither side could fight due to the neuclear bomb. If one side dropped a bomb so would the other, there where enough neuclear bombs to blow up the world 7 times over!!!

Did the UN have an effect on world war 2? The UN was created too late in to have had an effect on WW2. What was the biggest effect of World War 2? There are 2 massively important factors:. The treatment of the Jews in Europe.. The advent of Atomic Nuclear warfare. What are the longterm effects of World War 2? The answer of this question needs lots of minds with different opinions. I think the main long term effect is that the world will watch carefully and intervene as much as possible in order to stop any evil mind, like Hitler's, from acquiring power that can threat the whole world.

Were World War 2 posters effective? They kept the public aware of the struggle that we were fight for. What was the causes and effects of world war 2?

Although the outbreak of war was triggered by Germany's invasion of Poland, the causes of the war are more complex Including the follwoing: Germany was totally defeated, and the Nazi regime brought down. Its leaders were tried for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, the former site of Nazi propaganda triumphs.

Hitler escaped trial and execution by committing suicide in his Berlin bunker at the end of the war. German cities were in ruins from a massive bombing campaign. Germany was divided into 4 zones of occupation by the victorious powers, pending a more permanent political settlement.

Japan also was in ruins from extensive bombing. Prominent military leaders were tried and convicted of war crimes, but the emperor was allowed to retain his position. Japan was temporarily placed under U. England was devastated by the war, having experienced extensive bombing during the blitz by the Germans. The economy depended for recovery upon aid from the United States. England rapidly phased out most of its remaining imperial holdings in the years immediately following the war.

France had not experienced the enormous human losses sustained in the First World War, but would have to recover from the effects of Nazi occupation. Retribution was taken upon collaborators.

Like England, France would be compelled to dismantle its colonial empire in the years following the war. This was a particularly traumatic and drawn out process for the French, in Algeria and in Vietnam where they fought prolonged and bitter wars in an attempt to maintain their colonial control.

England and France no longer held a status of power comparable either to the United States or the Soviet Union. The Russian people had suffered immeasurably during the war, and western Russia was devastated by the land warfare which was primarily on Russian territory. But, in the process of defeating the Germans, the Russians had built a large and powerful army, which occupied most of Eastern Europe at the end of the war. The great resources and population of Russia assured that the Soviet Union would be, along with the United States, one of two super-powers.

The depression was brought decisively to an end, and new industrial complexes were built all over the United States. Spared the physical destruction of war, the U. After 4 years of military buildup, the U. The position of the United States as world leader was now more obvious than ever. How did World War 2 effect the world? Jewish stop Adolf Hitlier from killing all the Jews because of religious value.

Fourtenaly,the Allies Americans came and wen't to arrest the Nazis. Hitlier killed himself due to him being in jail for life. After news that HItlier commited suicied,all the Jews were set free. Now all the Jews are alive: How did landforms effect World War 2? I have no idea!! Please help me on my project I'm doing! United States and it's alies were mostly invading forces so the initial invations were affected greatly by land forms. Beaches were low in level and from the higher ground formations were the enemy entrenched thus making this harder for the alies to reach the targeted point with many loses on the alied side.

What were the effects of aircraft in World War 2? Well, considering that us in the United States wouldn't have entered the second world war unless the allies needed us to, the Japanese bombed us at Pearl Harbor, so that's a big thing right there. It could have changed the entire outcome. World War 2 short term effects? The short term effects were on Britain, Japan and Germany and the islands of the Pacific.

While Africa had warring it was mostly in the desert and the general populace of the African nations did not have as many short term effects as did Europe and the Pacific Asian nations and islands. Abyssinia was the exception to that however. The short term effects were: Loss of homes and business. Loss of income and food goods. Loss of ships and cargo in the Battle of the Atlantic and Britain.

Strict Food and product rationing. Evacuation of civilians in Australia and Britain. Loss of family members killed in the war. Loss of high morale. Fear, hopelessness, and grief. Loss of planes and other war equipment and people. What long term effects did world war 2 have on women? They took over men's jobs, they could join lots of volunteer organisations, it affected their home lives as jobs took them away from the home, they could miss their family and the rationing affected their cooking.

I do have a huge essay on this but if it was run through a plagiarism tester, it would come up. What were the short term and long term effects of the bombing in world war 2? The application of weapons, the destruction of structures and oil fields, fires, military transport movements and chemical spraying are all examples of the destroying impact war may have on the environment. Air, water and soil are polluted, man and animal are killed, and numerous health affects occur among those still living.

This page is about the environmental effects of wars and incidents leading to war that have occurred in the 20th and 21st century.

What were the causes and effects of the World War 2? This was the treaty that ended WWI, but it also led to the rise of Hitler. He didn't like the treaty. Who did World War 1 and World War 2 effect? WW1 and WW2 is a course in history that redistribute the power of the world and motivated countries to compete in technology Primarily they affect I'm afraid you used a wrong word for the qn the whole world To be more precise, it result in the fall of ottoman empire, the fall of british colonism rule, the rise of USA as the world super power, contributed much in resulting cold war and ultimately in many deaths and damage.

Though the advance in technology is shocking as we went from big bulky tanks and first use of aircraft in WW1 to the first assault rifle, the first jet plane, the first atomic bomb and the end of using horses primarily in warfare. Who did not benefit from the effects of world war 2? These stupid politicians make treaties Britain was bankrupt by the end of Only 3 0r 4 years ago, Britain make its last payment to the USA for its loans etc. What is the cause and effect of world war 2?

What effect did guns have in world war 2? Please explain your question better, there are many different types of "guns" that were involved in world war two. What was the effect of the World War 2 in general? Up till the second world war, Europe was at the centre of world power. What was an economic effect of World War 2? What long term effect did World War 2 have on the Jewish people? It scars them at someone was able to kill millions of their own people and the effects,methods used was torturous which terrifies them.

How was Norway effected by World War 2? Norway was invaded 9th of April , and was kept under german rule until 8th of may So naturally Norway was affected by the war. However, the nazi rule saw Norwegians as part of the people who was to survive and live in the new Germany after the war.

So Norwegians where not killed in numbers as with the jews or russians. My grandmother said that life in Norway during the war was rather peacefull and the German soldiers where polite and behaved good during the war.

What effects did world war 2 have on Mexicans? Internationally, alliances with the two blocs gradually shifted, with some nations trying to stay out of the Cold War through the Non-Aligned Movement. The Cold War also saw a nuclear arms race between the two superpowers; part of the reason that the Cold War never became a "hot" war was that the Soviet Union and the United States had nuclear deterrents against each other, leading to a mutually assured destruction standoff.

As a consequence of the war, the Allies created the United Nations , an organization for international cooperation and diplomacy, similar to the League of Nations. Members of the United Nations agreed to outlaw wars of aggression in an attempt to avoid a third world war.

This effort primarily began as an attempt to avoid another war between Germany and France by economic cooperation and integration, and a common market for important natural resources.

The end of the war also increased the rate of decolonization from the great powers with independence being granted to India from the United Kingdom , Indonesia from the Netherlands , the Philippines from the US and a number of Arab nations , primarily from specific rights which had been granted to great powers from League of Nations Mandates in the post World War I-era but often having existed de facto well before this time.

Also related to this was the US helping Israel gain controversial independence from its previous status as part of Palestine in the years immediately following the war. Independence for the nations of Sub-Saharan Africa came more slowly. At the end of the war, millions of people were dead and millions more homeless, the European economy had collapsed, and much of the European industrial infrastructure had been destroyed.

The Soviet Union , too, had been heavily affected. In response, in , U. By the end of the war, the economy of the United Kingdom was one of severe privation. More than a quarter of its national wealth had been consumed. Lend-lease came just before its reserves were exhausted. In spring , the Labour Party withdrew from the wartime coalition government, in an effort to oust Winston Churchill , forcing a general election.

Britain's war debt was described by some in the American administration as a "millstone round the neck of the British economy". Although there were suggestions for an international conference to tackle the issue, in August the U. The abrupt withdrawal of American Lend-Lease support to Britain on 2 September dealt a severe blow to the plans of the new government.

It was only with the completion of the Anglo-American loan by the United States to Great Britain on 15 July that some measure of economic stability was restored. However, the loan was made primarily to support British overseas expenditure in the immediate post-war years and not to implement the Labour government's policies for domestic welfare reforms and the nationalisation of key industries. Although the loan was agreed on reasonable terms, its conditions included what proved to be damaging fiscal conditions for Sterling.

From , the UK introduced bread rationing which it never did during the war. The Soviet Union suffered enormous losses in the war against Germany.

The Soviet population decreased by about 27 million during the war; of these, 8. The 19 million non-combat deaths had a variety of causes: Soviet ex- POWs and civilians repatriated from abroad were suspected of having been Nazi collaborators, and , of them were sent to forced labour camps after scrutiny by Soviet intelligence, NKVD.

Others worked in labour battalions to rebuild infrastructure destroyed during the war. The economy had been devastated. Roughly a quarter of the Soviet Union's capital resources were destroyed, and industrial and agricultural output in fell far short of pre-war levels. To help rebuild the country, the Soviet government obtained limited credits from Britain and Sweden; it refused assistance offered by the United States under the Marshall Plan.

Germany and former Nazi satellites made reparations to the Soviet Union. The reconstruction programme emphasised heavy industry to the detriment of agriculture and consumer goods. By , steel production was twice its level, but the production of many consumer goods and foodstuffs was lower than it had been in the late s. The immediate post-war period in Europe was dominated by the Soviet Union annexing , or converting into Soviet Socialist Republics , [10] [11] [12] all the countries invaded and annexed by the Red Army driving the Germans out of central and eastern Europe.

The Allies established the Far Eastern Commission and Allied Council for Japan to administer their occupation of that country while the establishment Allied Control Council , administered occupied Germany. In accordance with the Potsdam Conference agreements, the Soviet Union occupied and subsequently annexed the strategic island of Sakhalin.

In the west, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. The Sudetenland reverted to Czechoslovakia following the European Advisory Commission 's decision to delimit German territory to be the territory it held on 31 December Close to one-quarter of pre-war Germany was de facto annexed by the Allies; roughly 10 million Germans were either expelled from this territory or not permitted to return to it if they had fled during the war. The remainder of Germany was partitioned into four zones of occupation, coordinated by the Allied Control Council.

The Saar was detached and put in economic union with France in In , the Federal Republic of Germany was created out of the Western zones. The Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic. Germany paid reparations to the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union, mainly in the form of dismantled factories , forced labour , and coal. German standard of living was to be reduced to its level. In accordance with the Paris Peace Treaties, , reparations were also assessed from the countries of Italy , Romania , Hungary , Bulgaria , and Finland.

US policy in post-war Germany from April until July had been that no help should be given to the Germans in rebuilding their nation, save for the minimum required to mitigate starvation. The Allies' immediate post-war "industrial disarmament" plan for Germany had been to destroy Germany's capability to wage war by complete or partial de-industrialization.

Dismantling of West German industry ended in By , equipment had been removed from manufacturing plants , and steel production capacity had been reduced by 6. Clay and George Marshall , the Truman administration accepted that economic recovery in Europe could not go forward without the reconstruction of the German industrial base on which it had previously been dependent.

From onwards West Germany also became a minor beneficiary of the Marshall Plan. Volunteer organisations had initially been forbidden to send food, but in early the Council of Relief Agencies Licensed to Operate in Germany was founded.

However, after making approaches to the Allies in the autumn of it was allowed to investigate the camps in the UK and French occupation zones of Germany, as well as to provide relief to the prisoners held there. On 4 February , the Red Cross was permitted to visit and assist prisoners also in the U.

The Treaty of Peace with Italy spelled the end of the Italian colonial empire , along with other border revisions.

In the Italian constitutional referendum the Italian monarchy was abolished, having been associated with the deprivations of the war and the Fascist rule, especially in the North. Unlike in Germany and Japan, no war crimes tribunals were held against Italian military and political leaders, though the Italian resistance summarily executed some of them such as Mussolini at the end of the war; the Togliatti amnesty , taking its name from the Communist Party secretary at the time, pardoned all wartime common and political crimes in Austria called Ostmark by the Germans was separated from Germany and divided into four zones of occupation.

After the war, the Allies rescinded Japanese pre-war annexations such as Manchuria , and Korea became independent. The Philippines and Guam were returned to the United States.

The Dutch East Indies was to be handed back to the Dutch but was resisted leading to the Indonesian war for independence. Roosevelt had secretly traded the Japanese Kurils and south Sakhalin to the Soviet Union in return for Soviet entry in the war with Japan.

Hundreds of thousands of Japanese were forced to relocate to the Japanese main islands. Okinawa became a main US staging point. The US covered large areas of it with military bases and continued to occupy it until , years after the end of the occupation of the main islands.

The bases still remain. The Allies collected reparations from Japan. To further remove Japan as a potential future military threat, the Far Eastern Commission decided to de-industrialise Japan, with the goal of reducing Japanese standard of living to what prevailed between and In early , the Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia were formed and permitted to supply Japanese with food and clothes. In April the Johnston Committee Report recommended that the economy of Japan should be reconstructed due to the high cost to US taxpayers of continuous emergency aid.

Japan provided no special assistance to these people until In the Winter War of —, the Soviet Union invaded neutral Finland and annexed some of its territory. From until , Finland aligned itself with Nazi Germany in a failed effort to regain lost territories from the Soviets. Finland retained its independence following the war but remained subject to Soviet-imposed constraints in its domestic affairs. In June , the Soviet governments of the Baltic states carried out mass deportations of "enemies of the people"; as a result, many treated the invading Nazis as liberators when they invaded only a week later.

The Atlantic Charter promised self-determination to peoples deprived of it during the war. With the return of Soviet troops at the end of the war, the Forest Brothers mounted a guerrilla war.

This continued until the mids. An estimated one million military and civilian Filipinos were killed from all causes; of these , were listed as killed in seventy-two war crime events. According to a United States analysis released years after the war, U. As a result of the new borders drawn by the victorious nations, large populations suddenly found themselves in hostile territory.

Poland lost the Kresy region about half of its pre-War territory and received most of Germany east of the Oder-Neisse line , including the industrial regions of Silesia. The German state of the Saar was temporarily a protectorate of France but later returned to German administration. As set forth at Potsdam, approximately 12 million people were expelled from Germany, including seven million from Germany proper, and three million from the Sudetenland.

During the war, the United States government interned approximately , Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States in the wake of Imperial Japan 's attack on Pearl Harbor. After the war, some internees chose to return to Japan, while most remained in North America. The Soviet Union expelled at least 2 million Poles from east of the new border approximating the Curzon Line.

This estimate is uncertain as both the Polish Communist government and the Soviet government did not keep track of the number of expelled. The number of Polish citizens inhabiting Polish borderlands Kresy region was about 13 million before World War II broke out according to official Polish statistics.

Polish citizens killed in the war that originated from the Polish borderlands territory killed by both German Nazi regime and the Soviet regime or expelled to distant parts of Siberia were accounted as Russian, Ukrainian or Belarusian casualties of war in official Soviet historiography.

This fact imposes additional difficulties in making the correct estimation of the number of Polish citizens forcibly transferred after the war. Additionally, the Soviet Union transferred more than two million people within their own borders; these included Germans, Finns, Crimean Tatars , and Chechens. As Soviet troops marched across the Balkans, they committed rapes and robberies in Romania , Hungary , Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

For the better part of thirty years after the war, most people in Western society came to accept big government involvement in their lives as a matter of course.

This would've been unthinkable in previous generations. But the Second World War had burnished the credentials of government as a positive force for good, one that could free people from the burden of want and allow them to live autonomous, dignified lives. It was only in the early s, with the worldwide economic recession brought about by a sharp increase in the price of oil, that the prevailing consensus began to unravel.

What were the long-term effects of World War II? Expert Answers rrteacher Certified Educator. What were some short-term and Start Free Trial to Unlock. Begin typing the name of a book or author: Popular Questions Why is it important to study history?

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Some of the long-term effects of World War II were the division of Germany into two separate states, the destruction of numerous European and Asian cities, a major realignment of political power into Western and Soviet factions, the creation of the United Nations, a strengthening of corporate power and the beginning of a period of increased prosperity in the United States.

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World War II had short-term and long-term effects. One short-term effect was it put an end to the threat posed by the aggressive actions of the governments of Germany, Italy, and Japan. These countries were invading other countries and taking over these lands.

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Mar 01,  · We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe. We analyze data from SHARELIFE, a retrospective survey conducted as part of SHARE in Europe in SHARELIFE provides detailed data on events in childhood during and after the war for over 20, individuals in 13 European countries. The long-term effects of World War II were many, and as we discuss them, it is important to remember that the most important effect of the war was the over 50 million people, mostly civilians, who died during it. Long-term effects included the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as the world's two predominant superpowers.

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I looked at all of the answers, and the one, most lasting, effect of World War II was not even mentioned! It was the doctrine of “Never Again!”, the doctrine of instant readiness, retaliation, and MAD. Before World War II countries had very small standing armies, and readiness for war was dependent on mobilization. World War IZi changed that. Well, peace could be considered easily one of the shortest-term effects of World War 2. From about on, there has been an almost constant state of conflict, somewhere on the globe.