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Medical Definition of Phobia

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❶Some typical phobias are:

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Some people have a social phobia and they cannot face a crowd, or perform in front of a crowd some can't even speak out loud in front of other people. Yes, it may be considered a phobia, or more specifically situational type phobia. However, the important thing is whether is this fear reasonable?

Do you think it's out of proportion? Phobia is a fear that one perceive as irrational and out of proportion and yet one feels and is affected adversely by it. If this fear is appropriate e.

You may read more about it http: Phobias definition of phobias by Medical dictionary https: Just about everyone is afraid of something—an upcoming job interview or being alone outside after dark.

They are not "crazy"—they know full well their fears are unreasonable-but they can not control the fear. These people have phobias.

Phobias belong to a large group of mental problems known as anxiety disorders that include obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD , panic disorder , and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Phobias themselves can be divided into three specific types:. As its name suggests, a specific phobia is the fear of a particular situation or object, including anything from airplane travel to dentists. Found in one out of every 10 Americans, specific phobias seem to run in families and are roughly twice as likely to appear in women. If the person rarely encounters the feared object, the phobia does not cause much harm.

However, if the feared object or situation is common, it can seriously disrupt everyday life. Common examples of specific phobias, which can begin at any age, include fear of snakes, flying, dogs, escalators, elevators, high places, or open spaces. People with social phobia have deep fears of being watched or judged by others and being embarrassed in public. This may extend to a general fear of social situations—or be more specific or circumscribed, such as a fear of giving speeches or of performing stage fright.

More rarely, people with social phobia may have trouble using a public restroom, eating in a restaurant, or signing their name in front of others. Social phobia is not the same as shyness. Shy people may feel uncomfortable with others, but they don't experience severe anxiety , they don't worry excessively about social situations beforehand, and they don't avoid events that make them feel self-conscious.

On the other hand, people with social phobia may not be shy-they may feel perfectly comfortable with people except in specific situations. Social phobias may be only mildly irritating, or they may significantly interfere with daily life. It is not unusual for people with social phobia to turn down job offers or avoid relationships because of their fears.

Agoraphobia is the intense fear of feeling trapped and having a panic attack in a public place. An episode of spontaneous panic is usually the initial trigger for the development of agoraphobia.

After an initial panic attack, the person becomes afraid of experiencing a second one. Patients literally "fear the fear," and worry incessantly about when and where the next attack may occur. As they begin to avoid the places or situations in which the panic attack occurred, their fear generalizes.

Eventually the person completely avoids public places. In severe cases, people with agoraphobia can no longer leave their homes for fear of experiencing a panic attack. Experts don't really know why phobias develop, although research suggests the tendency to develop phobias may be a complex interaction between heredity and environment.

Some hypersensitive people have unique chemical reactions in the brain that cause them to respond much more strongly to stress.

These people also may be especially sensitive to caffeine , which triggers certain brain chemical responses. Advances in neuroimaging have also led researchers to identify certain parts of the brain and specific neural pathways that are associated with phobias. One part of the brain that is currently being studied is the amygdala, an almond-shaped body of nerve cells involved in normal fear conditioning.

Another area of the brain that appears to be linked to phobias is the posterior cerebellum. While experts believe the tendency to develop phobias runs in families and may be hereditary, a specific stressful event usually triggers the development of a specific phobia or agoraphobia. For example, someone predisposed to develop phobias who experiences severe turbulence during a flight might go on to develop a phobia about flying.

What scientists don't understand is why some people who experience a frightening or stressful event develop a phobia and others do not. Social phobia typically appears in childhood or adolescence, sometimes following an upsetting or humiliating experience. Certain vulnerable children who have had unpleasant social experiences such as being rejected or who have poor social skills may develop social phobias.

The condition also may be related to low self-esteem, unassertive personality, and feelings of inferiority. A person with agoraphobia may have a panic attack at any time, for no apparent reason. While the attack may last only a minute or so, the person remembers the feelings of panic so strongly that the possibility of another attack becomes terrifying.

For this reason, people with agoraphobia avoid places where they might not be able to escape if a panic attack occurs. As the fear of an attack escalates, the person's world narrows. While the specific trigger may differ, the symptoms of different phobias are remarkably similar: Patients may experience severe anxiety symptoms in anticipating a phobic trigger.

For example, someone who is afraid to fly may begin having episodes of pounding heart and sweating palms at the mere thought of getting on a plane in two weeks. A mental health professional can diagnose phobias after a detailed interview and discussion of both mental and physical symptoms. Social phobia is often associated with other anxiety disorders, depression, or substance abuse. People who have a specific phobia that is easy to avoid such as snakes and that doesn't interfere with their lives may not need to get help.

When phobias do interfere with a person's daily life, a combination of psychotherapy and medication can be quite effective. While most health insurance covers some form of mental health care, most do not cover outpatient care completely, and most have a yearly or lifetime maximum. Medication can block the feelings of panic, and when combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy , can be quite effective in reducing specific phobias and agoraphobia.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy adds a cognitive approach to more traditional behavioral therapy. Those with this phobia generally hate the sight of loose hairs whether human or animal and may also be afraid of hair loss. But at its most extreme a phobia can cause crippling anxiety, preventing people from seeking medical help or stopping them ever leaving their home. Get the better of your phobia; Healthy YOU.

Some researchers suggest the fear or the phobia is an evolutionary instinct that is ingrained in humans already, in order to avoid dangerous and hole-covered formations in nature and around them, such as bee-hives or other poisonous structures.

Facts, Symptoms And Treatment. In " Phobia Relief: From Fear to Freedom", author Kalliope Barlis draws upon her more than 20 years' experience in Neuro-Linguistic Programming to offer step-by-step instructions for ridding yourself of illogical fears and phobias by using Neuro-Linguistic Programming NLP techniques.

From Fear to Freedom. Choking phobia is a relatively uncommon phobic disorder which is often encountered by otorhinolaryngologists and referred to psychiatrists as a cause of psychogenic dysphagia. A case report and review of the literature.


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simple phobia specific phobia. social phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by fear and avoidance of social or performance situations in which the individual fears possible embarrassment and humiliation, for example, fear of speaking, performing, or eating in public.

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phobia - an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations; "phobic disorder is a general term for all phobias" phobic disorder, phobic neurosis anxiety disorder - a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom.

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Phobia definition is - an exaggerated usually inexplicable and illogical fear of a particular object, class of objects, or situation. How to use phobia in a sentence. an exaggerated usually inexplicable and illogical fear of a particular object, class of objects, or situation. word-forming element meaning "excessive or irrational fear of," from Latin -phobia and directly from Greek -phobia "panic fear of," from phobos "fear" (see phobia). In widespread popular use with native words from c

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-phobia definition, a combining form meaning “fear,” occurring in loanwords from Greek (hydrophobia); on this model, used in the names of mental disorders that have the general sense “dread of, aversion toward” that specified by the initial element: agoraphobia. Phobia: An unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder. Phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, using exposure and fear-reduction techniques.