These variations, in turn, are influenced by a host of factors. Further, determining whether or not that behavior is normal depends on a number of considerations. According to Schor , most children have basic desires for recognition, success, acceptance and unconditional love. Children also have corollary needs for privacy and autonomy. In addition to these basic needs and desires, as children grow, they also experience transitions of life that include entering school, meeting new people and making friends, as well as trying new activities.
As children go through these stages of development and life changes, their behavior also undergoes changes, and while there is a difference between normal and abnormal behavior, determining the difference between the two can be difficult.
This is because there are a number of influences that affect a child's behavior. At times, these differences are related to the differences between an individual child's unique developmental growth as well as external influences such as social factors. These factors are usually related to family issues and there are many differences in family styles, sizes, cultures, and even schedules that come into play.
There are however, clues to determine if certain behaviors are abnormal. For example, some children are very well behaved. In fact, they may be too well behaved. According to the Schor , these children have been found to be "overly anxious to please, very needy of attention, love and approval or fearful of rejection.
These children often lack self-esteem and self-confidence Schor, The fact that certain children develop the so-called abnormal behaviors elucidated above while other children seem to progress normally through the early stages of life can be attributed to a number of factors. The study of the social development and emotional development of children is rooted in the work of child psychologist Erik Erikson.
He established criteria for stages of development that are widely followed by child psychologists. Moreover, he termed these stages psychosocial crises that demand resolution before the next stage can be handled. Some of the early stages of development include learning basic trust, learning autonomy, learning initiative, learning industry, and learning identity Schor, During a child's formative years, parents, guardians and families have the greatest influence on this development.
At this time, children should develop the capacity to trust and have a sense of basic optimism. Reading - Willing and able? The American Academy of Pediatrics. Article Adolescence, cardiovascular reactivity, stress, prospective, blood pressure, african american Play, naturally: A review of children's natural play Stuart Lester and Martin Maudsley Playwork Partnerships Play, childhood, children learning, development, relationships Play for a Change: Play, Policy and Practice: Understanding Children from 0 to 3 and its Implications for Education Our views on infancy and toddlerhood have greatly changed during recent decades, as already documented by previous reviews of ECEC literature Plaisance and Rayna ; Rayna and Plaisance Give Them Time - an analysis of school readiness in Ireland's early education system; a Steiner Waldorf Perspective This paper examines a Steiner Waldorf Perspective to School Readiness and applies that international ideology to educational practice and curriculum policy in modern Ireland.
Everything that a child perceives, becomes his playing thing in his imagination. According to researchers, this is due to the fact that these imaginations become a recognition symbol. For example, a baby can see chunks of woods and imagine it to come into life and turn into a drum set or a boat.
This play allows children to understand that any object can actually transform in something better, hence, making them understand how the real-world works. While we may not notice how to play impacts a child in the early years, science has proven that it plays a vital role in the long-run. With imaginative play, a child can understand the phenomenon of a superhero, a father or a police officer very easily.
To be as simple as possible, imaginative play allows your child to have a sense of control because he becomes the master of interpreting the practices of the real-world and how everyday life works.
However, when a baby grows into a toddler, his play changes and becomes, what is known as, the parallel play. This helps children socialize with other children, creating story lines that are so complex that only they can understand.
It helps them understand what the terms like co-operation negotiation and sharing really is. According to Sara Wilford, director of the Art of Teaching Graduate Program at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, NY, when children start to disagree with something and want to take decision, they start developing social skills.
Physical play on the other hand, allows children to have control over their bodies. By skipping, they can learn how to keep balance. Climbing monkey bars would allow their body to build strength and muscle.
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Research Papers on Child Development and developmental issues in early childhood psychology. Custom written research papers on child development theorists such as Piaget, Erikson, Vygotsky, Bandura and Brofenbrenner.
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