Describe characteristics and functions. Pre-planned design for analysis. As the name implies, the primary objective of exploratory research is to explore a problem to provide insights into and comprehension for more precise investigation.
It focuses on the discovery of ideas and thoughts. The exploratory research design is suitable for studies which are flexible enough to provide an opportunity for considering all the aspects of the problem. At this point, the required information is loosely defined, and the research process is flexible and unstructured.
It is used in the situation when you must define the problem correctly, identify alternative courses of actions, develop a hypothesis, gain additional insights before the development of an approach, set priorities for further examination. The following methods are used for conducting exploratory research. By the term descriptive research, we mean a type of conclusive research study which is concerned with describing the characteristics of a particular individual or group.
It includes research related to specific predictions, features or functions of person or group, the narration of facts, etc. The descriptive research aims at obtaining complete and accurate information for the study, the method adopted must be carefully planned. The researcher should precisely define what he wants to measure? How does he want to measure?
He should clearly define the population under study. It uses methods like quantitative analysis of secondary data, surveys, panels, observations, interviews, questionnaires, etc.
Descriptive Research concentrates on formulating the research objective, designing methods for the collection of data, selection of the sample, data collection, processing, and analysis, reporting the results. The difference between exploratory and descriptive research can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:. Therefore exploratory research results in insights or hypothesis, regardless of the method adopted, the most important thing is that it should remain flexible so that all the facets of the problem can be studied, as and when they arise.
Conversely, descriptive research is a comparative design which is prepared according to the study and resources available. Such study minimises bias and maximises reliability. The material you sent have been so useful in my study,Keep it up To me as as a Masters scholar I appriciate.
Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This survey may as well also offer information about the practical possibilities for doing different types of research. A number of interviews can be very costly. This method, however, can deliver important insights and more often than not is well worth the effort. Analysis of Insight Stimulating Cases: This includes the study of one or a few situations.
It is focused on complex situations and problems; this kind of situations occur when the interrelations of several individuals are important. In this method of Exploratory Research, some units are analyzed; each unit is called Case.
Study of relationships between different factors of each case is more important and not the number. It is specifically helpful in situations where there is little experience to serve as a guide. Attitude of the investigator, the intensity of the investigator and the ability of the researcher to draw together diverse information into a unified interpretation are the main features which make this method a suitable procedure for evoking insights.
This is certainly the most used method in research. In a focus group , only a few individuals e. The dialogue is coordinated by a moderator. The majority of the organizations engaging in the focus groups, first screen the candidates to find out who will compose the particular group. Organizations also make sure to avoid groups, in which some of the participants have their relatives and friends, as this results in a one-sided discussion. Group interaction is the key factor that differentiates focus group interviews from experience survey that are conducted with one respondent at a time.
Furthermore it is the key advantage of the focus group over the majority of exploratory techniques. Types of Exploratory Research. Researchers utilize this technique when little is understood about the topic and previous theories or ideas do not apply.
Exploratory Research Methods You may wonder how you can explore a topic if there is little information about it. There are several methods that are used in exploratory research.
Exploratory research design does not aim to provide the final and conclusive answers to the research questions, but merely explores the research topic with varying levels of depth. It has been noted that “exploratory research is the initial research, which forms the basis of more conclusive research.
The exploratory work provides background information needed to plan descriptive or explanatory research. Through exploratory research, researchers desire to generate hypotheses about what is going on in a situation. Exploratory research is conducted to clarify ambiguous problems. Management may have discovered general problems, but research is needed to gain better understanding of the dimensions of the problems. Exploratory studies provide information to use in analyzing a situation, but uncovering conclusive evidence to determine a particular course of action is not the purpose of exploratory .
Exploratory Research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, establishes priorities, develops operational definitions and improve the final research design. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design, data-collection method and selection of subjects. Exploratory research is a methodological approach that is primarily concerned with discovery and with generating or building theory. In a pure sense, all research is exploratory.