At the edge of the cities there were large ovens used in baking. After a thousand years of prosperity the Indus Valley Civilization began to decline. The Aryans took over and they built no cites because they were just wandering nomads. The people of the Indus Valley were great architects. There are many buildings and statues depicting religious figures such as Buddha.
The most famous landmarks of all were in Agrah. In Agrah hundreds and hundreds of feet tall stands the Tah Mahal. Shan Jahan built the Tah Mahal for his wife who died. Her name was Mumtaz Mahal. The Tah Mahal is actually a tome for the two. They were both buried under the surface. The development of a form of writing in the Indus River Valley grew very slowly. The Indus River Valley is a triangular peninsula of South Asia, therefore many people come with their own languages and cultures.
They combined carved animal designs and a few pictographs that probably represents the merchants name. Pictographs are picture like symbols and a from of pictographs was used in ancient Sumer.
These are the only written examples of Indus Valley writing. No one knows the true meaning of the symbols. Aryans, the people who invaded the valley, had no art, architecture, or written language. Aryans brought a new language to India. To all these regions they took their language. Now it is known as Indo-European. The people were as skilled artisans as they were architects. They worked with copper, bronze, and occasionally gold. With these materials they created statues of the many different forms of their gods.
They baked building bricks and pottery at the edge of the city in large brick ovens. The pots were painted with ornately carved pictures of scenes and gods. The jars were then used to store grains. They created stamp seals that showed animals such as sheep, water buffalo, elephants, and oxen. Indian art greatly influenced the art of the Chinese.
When the Aryans took over the Indus Valley there was no art. During this period the Mogul Style of Art was created in Akbar s court by his one hundred painters. India in the earlier civilization grew cotton and made cotton cloth. The then sewed the pieces of cloth together and made the first cotton clothes. Two statues found in Harrapa show men and women with long hair and men with beards. The statues had pattered or embroidered robes, probably made of cotton cloth, with one shoulder bear.
They wore beautiful jeweled necklaces, earrings, and bracelets made of gold. These statues probably depicted the clothing of the upper class.
Human beings and gods were part of a universal order. The priests taught that each detail of a ritual or sacrifice had to be perfect so that this order wouldn t be upset and destroyed.
Brahmins had replaced warriors at the most influential class. Kshatnya were the common people like merchants, traders, and artisans as well as farmers and herders. Sudra class included the concurred Indian people. The Indian family definitely were clearly defined. Young adults are not allowed to have dates unless the parents arrange them, but the kids may reject the arrangement.
A marriage is more of a relationship between families, rather than a relationship between two people. The male and female roles were totally different. Men made war and tended cattle while women raised crops, wove clothes, ground grain, and looked after the children and household. Women took no part in the tribal assemblies, but had some say, including having a say in who their husband would be.
The traditional Indian family is a core of at least ten and possibly twenty, fifty, and even a hundred members. This was known as a joint family. At it s head was the father of the brothers. As the civilization advanced so did the government.
Kings were the ruler, judge, and leader in war, but his power was limited by assembly. Some kind of centralized state, and certainly fairly extensive town planning, is suggested by the layout of the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. The same kind of burnt brick appears to have been used in the construction of buildings in cities that were as much as several hundred miles apart.
The weights and measures show a very considerable regularity. The Indus Valley people domesticated animals, and harvested various crops, such as cotton, sesame, peas, barley, and cotton. They may also have been a sea-faring people, and it is rather interesting that Indus Valley seals have been dug up in such places as Sumer.
The Indus Valley people had a merchant class that, evidence suggests, engaged in extensive trading. Neither Harappa nor Mohenjodaro show any evidence of fire altars, and consequently one can reasonably conjecture that the various rituals around the fire which are so critical in Hinduism were introduced later by the Aryans.
The Indus Valley people do not appear to have been in possession of the horse: Other than the archaeological ruins of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, these seals provide the most detailed clues about the character of the Indus Valley people.
The horned bull appears in numerous Central Asian figures as well; it is also important to note that Shiva is not one of the gods invoked in the Rig Veda. There were houses in lanes also. The rich people were lives in the big houses, which have many rooms in the houses. Mainly, the poor people lives in the small houses and huts.
Granary use by the Harappan people is very large number of bricks was burn for build the large houses and bath mainly use for the public. The bath was discovered by the Mohenjo-Daro for the public. It was called by one of the chief facility of the Indus civilization. The bath bricks were using for build the houses in the city of Harappan civilization. Many of the bricks and clay uses for make the temples for worshiper of the town. They use the clay for make the reservoir to prevent from the outflow of water.
The bath were constructed for the religious people, who do the worship to the goddess after bath, the worshipers probably used small rooms for change of dress. The Harappan civilization economy was depending on the trade. It was the advances of the Harappan is transport trading. The major advances of transport technology have facilitated for the Harappan people. They were using the bullock-carts and boat and it was the source of transport. The bullock-driven carts were the identity of the south Asia today.
They were trading with the use of boats and bullock carts. Most of the boats were probably small, flat-bottomed craft, perhaps driven by sail, similar to those one can see on the Indus River today. The Harappa and kalikangan, Mohenjo-Daro were discovered the ruins of forts.
In the Indus valley civilization, the drainage system was in very systematic order. For best facility in the every house the drain system may utilize. Drain made the bricks for burnt clay was used for outlet of water from each house.
The flowing of water goes in the gutter while uses of water in the houses. The drains may pour into the main gutter. For cover the drain they used the big stone, which can keep away from the harmful diseases. The drains were made in the undergrounds of the road. The drains were connected with the road drainage. The Harappan people were wearing the dress of garments made of cotton and wool.
They were using two separate pieces of cloth, which cover the upper and lower portion of the body. That time man has beards, but generally got their moustaches shaven.
The women are combed up and lock their long hair with closed by the ribbons.
The Indus Valley civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization after the village named Harappa, in what is now Pakistan, where the.
18 essays by ancient Indus civilization archaeologists and scholars, from a comprehensive overview, to a tour of Mohenjodaro, discoveries in Gujarat, interpretations of the Indus script, interviews and research initiatives. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in the vast river plains and adjacent regions in what are now Pakistan and.
The civilization at Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa, Nal and Kulli grew up in the valley of the river Indus and that is why it is referred to as the “Indus Civilization.” Though the Indus civilization is considered to be one of the oldest culture in the world, but it . In this essay we will discuss about Indus Valley Civilisation: 1. Introduction to Indus Valley Civilisation 2. Essay on the Indus Valley Civilisation | Indian History. Some of the important crafts which flourished during the Indus Valley civilization period were that of pottery, carpentry, masonry, blacksmith, ivory work, stone cutting.
The Indus valley civilization was the largest of four ancient urban civilizations Mesopotamia, Egypt, South Asia, and China. It was discovered in the ’s but most of its ruins remain to be excavated. The Indus civilization was huge; it covered from Mumbai (in Marashta, India) in south up to Himalayas and northern Afghanistan in north. The Indus Valley Civilization In B.C. the Indus Valley Civilization began developing itself into two large areas which ran along the river valleys of the Indus.