In response, public authorities must regain control of organized violence. This means a re-establishment of the rule of law and a rebuilding of trust in public authorities. In addition, more inclusive, democratic values are needed to defuse exclusivist ideals.
These human rights norms are central to the maintenance of civil society, and necessary for grounding attitudes of tolerance and mutual respect within communities. Serious difficulties arise, however, when those in power are responsible for human rights violations.
In this case, outside intervention is necessary to stop the abuse. There is much disagreement about when and to what extent outside countries can engage in humanitarian intervention. More specifically, there is debate about the efficacy of using military force to protect the human rights of individuals in other nations. This sort of debate stems largely from a tension between state sovereignty and the rights of individuals. Some defend the principles of state sovereignty and nonintervention, and argue that other states must be permitted to determine their own course.
It is thought that states have diverse conceptions of justice, and international coexistence depends on a pluralist ethic whereby each state can uphold its own conception of the good. Among many, there is "a profound skepticism about the possibilities of realizing notions of universal justice. In addition, requiring some country to respect human rights is liable to cause friction and can lead to far-reaching disagreements. Others think, "Only the vigilant eye of the international community can ensure the proper observance of international standards, in the interest not of one state or another but of the individuals themselves.
Certain rights are inalienable and universal, and "taking basic rights seriously means taking responsibility for their protection everywhere. In addition, it is thought that political systems that protect human rights reduce the threat of world conflict. Nevertheless, governments are often reluctant to commit military forces and resources to defend human rights in other states.
Lastly, there is a need to ensure that intervention is legitimate, and motivated by genuine humanitarian concerns. The purposes of intervention must be apolitical and disinterested.
However, if risks and costs of intervention are high, it is unlikely that states will intervene unless their direct interests are involved. Many note that in order to truly address human rights violations, we must strive to understand the underlying causes of these breaches. These causes have to do with underdevelopment, economic pressures, various social problems, and international conditions. It is only by understanding and ameliorating these root causes and strengthening civil society that we can truly protect human rights.
The Responsibility to Protect: International Development Research Centre, , Temple University Press, , Forced Disappearances, Torture, and Summary Executions. Use the following to cite this article: Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess.
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This is not to mention the fact that about Lebanese captives are still kept by force in Israeli camps where they are subjected to all kinds of physical and psychological abuse. In , twelve captives were freed to report about the horrors which they faced inside these camps. Long hours of interrogation, dark humid rooms which lack the slightest fundamentals of sanitation or conditions necessary for human life, in addition to physical abuse, are all found inside Israeli cells and prisons.
Many prisoners are interrogated with the help of electric shocks, and having their nails removed. Many prisoners have acquired nervous illnesses due to continuous torture. International negligence of Israeli human rights violations in South Lebanon is part of the American political pressures on the Lebanese government to force Lebanon to return to the negotiations that were suspended upon reaching a deadlock over timing Israeli withdrawal from the South.
Consequently, the US employs its political abilities to prevent any condemnation of these violations inside the United Nations. The victims of this political domination of world system are the civilians, and the human rights which the US considers to be its priorities world wide.
The double-standard policy which the US follows with respect to human rights violations in South Lebanon cannot be justified by any of the principles which the US administration considers as the fundamentals of its policies. Therefore, as hypothesized, Israeli hegemony in South Lebanon in addition to the unfair double standard applied by the US towards the Lebanese cause, has been the main cause of human rights violations in South Lebanon.
Human rights violations by the Lebanese security forces against suspects and criminals are subject to change under public pressure. In a visit to Hubeish Police Department, which is the largest police department in the capital Beirut, one is immediately informed that the interrogation room is on the second floor, which is considered to be one of the gloomiest rooms one would ever be in. Access to the room itself is difficult, but the description of Deputy Ali Amhaz is very thorough.
The treatment which a suspect receives depends on how collaborating he is. It usually includes slapping, punching, boxing, and kicking in the first stage. This is not to mention the violent obscene language used by the interrogating officer. In the second stage, the suspect feet are tied to a rod and then whipping begins. These are the frequent activities usually carried out inside the room. University students and others report that one is lucky if he is interrogated in this police department and left with only one or two slaps or punches on the face.
Hospitality is usually more generous as interrogating officer have full freedom to deal with the suspects at their convenience. Another police department which is known for human rights violations in Lebanon is the Saray Department in the city of Sidon. Seargent Mamdouh Nakib reports that interrogating suspects is very rough, especially with suspects from Ein-Helweh Camp for Palestinian refugees. He also reports that interrogating officers have orders to be stiff with Palestinian suspects to spread a feeling inside the Camp that the state is back, and that it is not going to tolerate any violations of the Lebanese law.
In addition to these violations, there are other violations committed inside the prisons of Beirut, especially the Prison of Beirut, where more than twenty-six prisoners are stacked inside each cell. Prisoners are now treated in a better way after the pressures that were exerted by the Human Rights Committee in the Parliament that was headed by deputy Bechara Merhej in However, violations of other kinds are still found, especially that juvenile delinquents are also imprisoned inside the same prison with adult prisoners.
Many of these juveniles should have been in work houses for minor crimes rather than in the Prison of Beirut. Violations are not only found inside the prisons and police departments, but also in the means through which suspects are summoned.
In December , more than suspects were summoned for interrogation after the Syrian bus attack. Suspects were not informed of their charges and were captivated for a few days for interrogation. Though suspects did not report any serious violations during their arrest periods, they complained that they were arrested without being informed of their charges, and in front of their children and wives in a manner which showed them as criminals, although none of them was charged in the end.
Public opinion on the ways through which suspects are arrested and interrogated is usually conservative. The Human Rights Committee that was led by deputy Bechara Merhej was more of a political tool to press on the government for political causes, rather than for humanitarian causes.
The proof is that this committee has almost dysfunctional after the elections in which deputy Bechara Merheh returned to the government line. Therefore, political concern for human rights violations has not reached a maturity level in Lebanon that can exert sufficient pressure on the government to change its interrogation and arrest methods with civilian suspects.
Moreover, it is evident that the public avoid direct participation in such debates, and prefer to remain passive. However, the press has not remained so passive. Daily newspapers, especially Al-Nahar , are seriously concerned about human rights violations by the government security forces.
These violations are subject to press scrutiny and questioning. Besides, the press and the media in general have participated in forcing a number of changes in the interrogation system.
For example, suspects are now less subject to physical torture, although psychological torture is still predominant. Besides, the Lebanese law does not protect suspects who are in the hands of justice executives. Moreover, Syrian Intelligence officers operating in Lebanon have full authority to arrest and interrogate suspects without any responsibility or accountability towards the Lebanese government.
Arresting suspects by Syrian intelligence requires no permission from Lebanese judicial authorities or any notification of the suspect or his family. In fact, arrest by Syrian security agents is usually referred to as abducting, kidnapping or disappearance, by the Lebanese public. All these acts cause mass killing of people, which deprive them from their basic human rights.
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Research paper writing help Learn how to conduct research and build solid research and term papers. Write from scratch Learn how to avoid plagiarism and conduct plagiarism checks for your work. Mass Murder, Genocide, and the Holocaust Introduction Human rights violations are referred to those actions in which human rights are ignored. Discussion Mass Murder Mass murder is the act of killing four or more people at the same time.
Genocide Genocide is the systematic destruction of a particular ethnic or racial group, by killing their members, causing physical or mental harm. Conclusion Mass murder, genocide, and the holocaust are considered as human rights violations. Dissertation wriitng - dissertation guide 2. Dissertation Editing Company 3.
Human rights were always violated in human history. The leaders mostly oppressed people and did not grant their entitled human rights. Even religious leader in some cases were responsible for the .
- Human Rights Violations in Afghanistan Since the departure of the Soviets from Afghanistan basic human rights of the Afghanistanis have not just been trampled on but summarily done away with. After .
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Abuse of human rights often leads to conflict, and conflict typically results in human rights violations. It is not surprising, then, that human rights abuses are often at the center of wars and that protection of human rights is central to conflict resolution.. Every human being has certain rights that should be protected, should being the key word. These rights are being violated every day throughout the world. Human beings aren't being treated like human beings, and these injustices need to stop. Countries which have problems with human rights are /5(11).