This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion. You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research. You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.
By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves. After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on. There are a few tips that can help you write a strong introduction, arouse interest and encourage the reader to read the rest of your work. A long and rambling introduction will soon put people off and lose you marks.
Stick closely to your outline for the paper , and structure your introduction in a similar way. The entire introduction should logically end at the research question and thesis statement or hypothesis. The reader, by the end of the introduction, should know exactly what you are trying to achieve with the paper. In addition, your conclusion and discussion will refer back to the introduction, and this is easier if you have a clearly defined problem.
As you write the paper, you may find that it goes in a slightly different direction than planned. In this case, go with the flow, but make sure that you adjust the introduction accordingly. Some people work entirely from an outline and then write the introduction as the last part of the process. This is fine if it works for you.
Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Jun 24, How to Write an Introduction. Retrieved Sep 10, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution. Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level.
Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced.
The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition.
Once the volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions.
The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue. Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to volts. Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.
Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so. It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior. A short summary of the article. Current theories about the topic. What were the results obtained? What are our thought about the results compared to other relevant theories.
Through the text there are references, sources of knowledge, which you've used. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth May 21, Example of a Research Paper. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide:
How to Start a Research Paper Introduction Writing a research paper is a challenge for many high school and college students. One of the biggest hang-ups many students have is getting started.
It will help you to realize how to start off a research paper. Do some preliminary research. Your topic may be rather interesting, but if there is a lack of information it may lead to digging yourself into a hole.
TIP Sheet HOW TO START (AND COMPLETE) A RESEARCH PAPER. You are a re-entry student and it's been fourteen years since you've written a paper. You coasted through high school on your charm and good looks and never actually wrote a research paper. NEVER start your paper saying, "In this paper, I will" or "This paper is about." Start strong. In your research, have you come across an odd factoid or interesting quote? Try starting your paper with that. How about starting with an anecdotal story or humor? Middle Sentences.
How To Write A Research Paper Step 1: How To Begin? Take the first step: Make sure to start right away and begin collecting your resources. Several weeks may seem like plenty of time to complete a research paper, but time can slip away leaving you with a week (or less) to finish. Working early and consistently will spare you a lot of stress and. Dec 18, · How to Start a Paper. Think about the point of your paper. If you are covering research, there is a definite answer your research has provided. An idea to start off with, but definitely not anything revelatory. Now, hopefully, you can narrow it down -- "Consumption by the world's largest economies needs to be cut in half by " is %(2).