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Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches

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❶Exploring the philosophical orientation of case study research and variations in different case study approaches can help to clarify these differences, and promote a better understanding of how to apply these principles in practice.

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Terlebih sekarang begitu banyak penerbit independen yang memproduksi buku mandiri. Kualitas suatu buku sangat bergantung kepada kualitas penerbitnya, oleh karena itu tak heran muncul beberapa penerbit yang dianggap kredibel atas rekam jejaknya dalam menghasilkan buku-buku yang berkualitas.

Pada poin ini saya menilai, argumentasi Creswell perlu dilengkapi lebih rinci tentang standar kualitas suatu buku, sehingga dalam urutan prioritas literatur ia layak duduk di peringkat kedua.

Masih berkaitan dengan penjelasan Creswell tentang buku, saya merasa belum tercerahkan tentang tipe buku berdasarkan jumlah penulisnya. Menurut saya, buku yang berisi kumpulan tulisan orang-orang semacam bunga rampai sulit saya identifikasi keterkaitan antara teori yang dijelaskan pada halaman pendahuluan yang dikerjakan editor dengan kumpulan tulisan yang ada.

Kadang saya merasa tulisan tersebut tidak relevan dengan tema besar yang usung buku tersebut. Sebenarnya harapann saya, penjelasan Creswell bisa lebih diperdalam, apalagi ia sudah menjelaskan perbedaan jenis-jenis buku berdasarkan jumlah penulis.

Khususnya pula, terkait pertanyaan saya ketika harus menuangkan suatu buku yang terdiri dari banyak penulis untuk dijadikan tinjauan pustaka.

Ia menjelaskan tentang handbook, book, statistical indexes, databases, dll. Jika pada buku Research Design, Creswell menjelaskan tentang skala prioritas dalam memilih literatur.

Pada buku Educational Research, ia membuat dua kemungkinan yakni: Artinya, ia ingin mengatakan tak ada yang keliru hendak dimulai dari penelusuran sumber tersebut.

Di akhir saya ingin mengatakan relevansi urutan yang disampaikan Creswell dalam konteks iklim akademis di Indonesia. Asumsi sederhana saya, dengan kualitas pendidikan yang berbeda antara Amerika dengan Indonesia, tentu perlu adaptasi yang tepat atas urutan prioritas literatur yang Creswell ajukan. Atau dalam perspektif yang lain, perlu pengadaptasian atau penjelasan tambahan dari pakar metodologi penelitian yang faham konteks Indonesia.

Sebagai pembaca pemula dalam bidang metodologi ilmu sosial, saya merasa terbantu dengan penjelasan Creswell tentang langkah memulai penelitian. Bab sebelumnya tentang metode penelitian dan bab ini tentang literature review menjadi materi yang komprehensif tentang pentingnya fondasi literatur dalam mendisain proposal.

Ia meminta peneliti untuk mengaitkan pemahaman tentang metode penelitian yang dikaitkan dengan penyusunan literature review agar peneliti menggunakannya secara konsisten. Sebagaimana pandangan Creswell bahwa proses tinjauan pustaka ini hendak menjawab dua pertanyaan inti sebuah rencana riset, yakni apakah penelitian dapat dan layak diteliti.

Pengerjaan ini akan memunculkan perdebatan dalam literatur-literatur sehingga peneliti mendapati celah yang ada dari sejumlah literatur tersebut.

Proses ini dilakukan dengan menuangkannya ke dalam tulisan atau model literature map. Analisis dan respons yang saya buat didominasi pada subbab prioritas dalam memilih literatur. Saya menilai penjelasan tentang 6 jenis literatur yang disampaikan Creswell perlu pengadaptasian atau penjelasan tambahan dari pakar metodologi penelitian yang faham konteks Indonesia. This is an incredibly useful and thorough guide for graduate students or early career scholars designing their first research projects or developing projects using methods that are new to them.

The fifth edition includes readable descriptions and definitions for approaches to research, methods for data collection and data analysis, and guidance for writing the design and results of a project. I especially appreciated the visual elements of this edition that show the correlation between different This is an incredibly useful and thorough guide for graduate students or early career scholars designing their first research projects or developing projects using methods that are new to them.

I especially appreciated the visual elements of this edition that show the correlation between different aspects of a project and how different approaches relate to one another. This guide is a strong starting point for anyone starting qualitative research for the first or second, third, fourth If this wasn't a required textbook I'd never waste my time on it. I think the writer is one of those people that just likes to hear himself talk.

Unfortunately, he's managed to convince people like publishers, editors, and academics that if he uses a bunch of big words in order to state simplistic ideas that it somehow makes the stuff coming out of his mouth actually mean something. I hate books that are written in the most dry way possible.

There is nothing that says because you have a serious topic you have to present it as being as exciting as a hysterectomy. Feb 28, Cheryl rated it really liked it. Excellent guide to the types of research designs and methods and all they entail. The explanations are clear and concise, the examples are helpful, and the language throughout is straightforward and highly readable. Oct 06, Scott rated it really liked it Shelves: This book was at times way above my head as a student, sometimes a bit repetitive.

In the end, if you are trying to learn about research design, at the beginning stages, then this is a good resource. It shouldn't be your only resource, but one of several.

Jun 19, Nikhil Gupta rated it really liked it. Creswell is a Professor of Educational Psychology and teaches courses and writes about qualitative methodology and mixed methods research. He has been at the University of Nebraska- Lincoln for 30 years and has authored 11 books many of which focus on research design, qualitative research, and mixed methods research and are translated into many languages and used around the world.

This is a brilliant instructional book written for students and experienced field researchers. If anyone has John W. Overview of the chapters; This book is divided into two parts. Part I consist of steps that researchers need to reflect on before they expand their proposals or plans for research. Part II discusses the various sections of a proposal. A selection of a research Design: In this chapter, author begins by defining quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods as research designs.

These designs are plans for a study, and they include three significant elements: Review of the Literature: It is vital to comprehensively review the literature on topic before one designs proposal. Thus one needs to start with a researchable topic and then investigate the literature using the steps developed in this chapter.

Writing Strategies and Ethical Considerations: Finally, in the first part, the author turns to ethical issues and discuss these not as abstract ideas, but as considerations that need to be anticipated in all segments of the research progression. In Part II, I turn to the components of designing the research proposal. Chapters 5 through 10 address steps in this process.

This introduction comprises the notion identifying the research problem or issue, enclosing this problem within the existing literature, pointing out insufficiencies in the literature and aiming the study for a specific audience.

This chapter offers an efficient method for designing a scholarly introduction to a proposal or study. In this chapter, researcher learns how to write this statement for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies. Readers can find scripts that help in designing and writing these statements. Research Questions and Hypotheses: In this chapter, the reader learns how to write both qualitative and quantitative research questions and hypotheses.

And also discovers how to utilize both forms in writing mixed methods questions and hypotheses. Quantitative methods involve the procedure of collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and writing the outcome of a study. In this chapter, the reader learns the specific procedures for designing survey or experimental methods that need to go into a research proposal.

Checklists provided in the chapter help to ensure that all vital steps are incorporated. Purposeful sampling, collection of open-ended data, analysis of text or pictures, representation of information in figures and tables, and personal interpretation of the findings all inform qualitative procedures. This chapter advances steps in designing qualitative procedures into a research proposal. Moreover it also contains a checklist for making sure that you cover all essential procedures.

Six types of mixed methods designs are stressed along with a discussion about criteria for selecting one of them based on timing, weight, mixing, and the use of theory. Figures are offered that suggest visuals that the proposal developer can design and include in a proposal. Researchers find a sort detail to learn mixed methods research as practiced today and the types of designs that might be used in a research proposal. This book is an excellent introduction to research design for qualitative, quantitative and mixed- methods designs.

It explains all the aspects of a research design and takes reader through each one, including the literature review, research question and hypotheses. Also, the first chapter goes through the multiple theoretical viewpoints from which research proceeds, therefore the readers come to know different paradigms. It also has lots of models, examples and exercises to work through. This book can be effectively useful in many ways.

The author goes to enormous lengths to offer illustrations from real studies to exemplify the concepts which are very useful; he also does a decent job promoting mixed methods research within the context of its recent history. Interspersed throughout the pages are tables, suggested writing activities, examples, and informative step-by- step sidebars pertinent to specific topics.

Each chapter is recapitulated and additional suggested readings to investigate are listed. In short, it is strongly recommend for any student who is engaged in research work or anyone interested in putting together a good proposal, or an instructor who wants a well-written foundational text. In addition, this book is an excellent resource to field researchers who have experience in one research approach but not in the other two. Therefore, it is highly recommend for both inexperienced and experienced researchers.

Jan 04, Babak rated it really liked it Shelves: An excellent reference book for writing good designs for your research, be it a master or a phd. I wish it also included design science. Oct 31, Eric Herr rated it liked it. This is a re-read for my Capstone. Found it enjoyable and valuable the first time around and imagine it will serve me well as a reference book the second time around.

I know this is an important work in the field of research, particularly in the social sciences. But this was not relevant for me. That makes it too narrow in its usefulness. Feb 17, Melissa Cowder rated it really liked it. This textbook was used in one of my college courses.

Though a little dry, it is an informative book and provides great direction on researching writing and structuring. May 03, MaryBeth Nolt rated it liked it. This was a textbook for a class. Definitely explained types of research needed for the dissertation I'm proposing. I'm not a Statistic Wiz, and therefore, it's an intimidating area. Creswell smoothed this avenue for me. Feb 05, Maureen rated it it was amazing. Mar 05, Patrick Adole added it. I'm not a huge fan of textbooks for theory courses, but for methods courses I find their use justifiable.

I'm using this text for a course that I'm currently teaching and while it has its limitations, it provides students a solid introduction to different methodological approaches in social science research, with a good, basic overview of the role of theory in research, the purpose of literature reviews, a discussion of how to write a research question and develop a research proposal, etc.

I wis I'm not a huge fan of textbooks for theory courses, but for methods courses I find their use justifiable. I wish that the sections on quantitative and qualitative methods were a bit more elaborate, but for an introductory book I think this is satisfactory. It's a good book for students or even professional researchers to shelf and come back to for basic reminders -- it was actually a good refresher for me, as it has been almost a decade since I last took a methods course, and although I have conducted plenty of my own research using different methodologies, there were certainly other basics that I had forgotten over the years.

I originally read the first edition of this book in a required research methods class for a Masters of Arts degree. At the time, it was very helpful in framing the scope and methodology of a social science thesis proposal. I dragged out the more recent edition this summer to help with framing the scope of my comment for law journal. Parts were very helpful - especially the sections on a literature review, literature map and elements of a thesis statement sentence - but much of it was just not re I originally read the first edition of this book in a required research methods class for a Masters of Arts degree.

Parts were very helpful - especially the sections on a literature review, literature map and elements of a thesis statement sentence - but much of it was just not relevant to legal research. All the quantitative methods material I basically skipped, and had to give some serious thought as to the applicability of the qualitative and mixed methods material.

The examples in the book are almost exclusively drawn from the educational field, which makes it challenging to see the parallels. Of course, I loaned the book to a friend whose law journal comment is about legal mechanisms for improving access to science opportunities for minority students, and she is finding it very helpful. Feb 18, Febri Koto added it.

This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. This book addresses these issues by providing a guide to major design decisions, such as deciding a paradigm, stating a purpose for the study, identifying the research questions and hypotheses, using theory, and defining and stating the significance of the study. Each chapter is organized to first present the principles about composing and writing qualitative and quantitative approaches followed by specific examples from journal articles and dissertations from a variety of fields within the soci This book addresses these issues by providing a guide to major design decisions, such as deciding a paradigm, stating a purpose for the study, identifying the research questions and hypotheses, using theory, and defining and stating the significance of the study.

Each chapter is organized to first present the principles about composing and writing qualitative and quantitative approaches followed by specific examples from journal articles and dissertations from a variety of fields within the social and human sciences.

Each chapter concludes with writing exercises that relate back to these formats so that the reader can end the book with a written plan for a scholarly study. Many scientific disciplines, especially social science and psychology, use this method to obtain a general overview of the subject. Some subjects cannot be observed in any other way; for example, a social case study of an individual subject is a descriptive research design and allows observation without affecting normal behavior.

It is also useful where it is not possible to test and measure the large number of samples needed for more quantitative types of experimentation.

These types of experiments are often used by anthropologists, psychologists and social scientists to observe natural behaviors without affecting them in any way. It is also used by market researchers to judge the habits of customers, or by companies wishing to judge the morale of staff. The results from a descriptive research can in no way be used as a definitive answer or to disprove a hypothesis but, if the limitations are understood, they can still be a useful tool in many areas of scientific research.

The subject is being observed in a completely natural and unchanged natural environment. A good example of this would be an anthropologist who wanted to study a tribe without affecting their normal behavior in any way. True experiments , whilst giving analyzable data, often adversely influence the normal behavior of the subject. Descriptive research is often used as a pre-cursor to quantitative research designs, the general overview giving some valuable pointers as to what variables are worth testing quantitatively.

Quantitative experiments are often expensive and time-consuming so it is often good sense to get an idea of what hypotheses are worth testing. Because there are no variables manipulated , there is no way to statistically analyze the results.

In addition, the results of observational studies are not repeatable , and so there can be no replication of the experiment and reviewing of the results. Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies. Whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity , as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool.

Whilst the results are always open to question and to different interpretations, there is no doubt that they are preferable to performing no research at all. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 26, Retrieved Sep 10, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.

You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution. Case Study Research Design.


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THIRD EDITION RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches JOHN W. CRESWELL UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LlNCOLN ~SAGE Los Angeles • London • New Delhi • Singapore.

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Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies. Whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity, as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool.

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To define the descriptive type of research, Creswell stated that the descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition. Furthermore, this method is used to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause/s of particular phenomenon. Following is a brief description of each type of quantitative research design, as well as chart comparing and contrasting the approaches. A Descriptive Design seeks to describe the current status of a variable or phenomenon. The researcher does not begin with a hypothesis, but typically develops one after the data is collected.

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In the geographically remote culture and context of descriptive research definition by creswell Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan, this study explores the perceptions and practices of peace education by two secondary. B). · Descriptive research is a study of status a summary of mesopotamian art and architecture and is widely used in . Research design is defined as the clearly defined structures within which the study is Descriptive research involves direct exploration, analysis and description of the particular phenomena, as free as possible from unexplained presuppositions, aiming at While Creswell () states that purposive.