Writing an essay with this structure requires a careful reading of your source material to find both subtle and major points of similarity and difference. This kind of essay can present its arguments source-by-source or by points of similarity or difference. Create an outline appropriate for a background or review synthesis essay.
There are two basic ways to structure these sort of synthesis essays: This structure presents summaries of each of your relevant sources, making a progressively stronger argument for your thesis. It provides specific evidence to support your point of view, but usually omits presenting your own opinions.
It's most commonly used for background and review essays. This is a series of sub-points that flow from the main point of your paper as stated in its thesis. Each reason is supported with evidence. As with the summary method, reasons should become progressively more important, with the most important reason last. Write your first draft according to your outline.
Be prepared to deviate from your plan, however, if you find new ideas and information in your source material that supports your thesis. If you are writing the synthesis for the AP test, you will not have time to write more than one draft, so pace yourself and make it the best it can possibly be. Write in the third person.
Writing in the third person means using "he," "she," "it", and using complete, unambiguous sentences. Present enough information to show your credibility in the subject of your essay.
You should write in the active voice as much as possible, although passive voice is acceptable in circumstances where you would otherwise use first "I" or second person "you". Use transitions between paragraphs to make the text flow logically.
Transitions are a great way to show places where your sources support one another: This is the time to strengthen arguments and improve transitions between points and paragraphs. You should try to make your argument as succinct and easy to follow as possible.
It helps to read your essay out loud because when you read out loud, you are more likely to notice awkward sentences or incoherent arguments. Ask someone else to proofread your paper. Ask a friend or colleague what would they add or remove from the paper. Most importantly, does your argument make sense, and is it clearly supported by your sources?
Read through your paper and look for any grammar, punctuation or spelling errors. Are all of the names and proper nouns spelled correctly?
Are there any run-on sentences or fragments? Correct them as you go. Read the paper aloud to guarantee that you don't accidentally add in or take out words when reading in your head. If you can, get a friend or classmate to proofread your essay as well. Cite your source material. For most papers, this means using footnotes to cite material in the body of your essay and a bibliography of cited works at the end. Footnotes and in-text citations should be used for any quoted, paraphrased, or cited material.
If you are writing this essay for the AP test, you will not be using a specific style of citing but you will have to state which source you used after you cite it. Example of citing in an AP synthesis essay: For college essays, you'll most likely use MLA format. Whichever format you use, be consistent in its use. You may also be asked to use APA or Chicago style. Your title should reflect the point of view in your thesis statement and supporting arguments. Choosing your title last helps assure that the title fits your essay instead of writing your essay to fit the title.
English and the iPhone: No, try to avoid "We," "I," "you" or any personal or collective pronouns because then it's not third person or necessarily objective anymore. In most cases the writer's role in the paper doesn't matter at all. Not Helpful 2 Helpful Include evidence that backs the statement up; be sure to refer to other, expert and scholarly sources like websites, books, articles, etc. You could also start your sentence like this: Then you have proven your statement.
Not Helpful 8 Helpful The introductory paragraph sets the stage for the entire paper. A good introduction should make clear the topic of the paper and why the topic is important. Writers often choose to place their thesis statement at the end of the first paragraph, too. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. Yes, you definitely can! This helps the reader further understand the information. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. It should be at least about paragraphs because you need to be detailed and specific.
Not Helpful 19 Helpful 6. Answer this question Flag as How do you write a good hook for a synthesis essay? How can I write a synthesis documentation essay in MLA format? The claim of a synthesis essay is based on what? How can I find credible sources to write an effective synthesis summary essay about birth defects? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Quick Summary To write a synthesis essay, start by coming up with a thesis statement that you can support using all of the sources you've read for your essay. Did this summary help you? Essays In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times.
It was a perfect introduction for the assignment that I gave them and I left a link to it on my class blog. UP Urvi Patel May 7, AM Alkim Maang Jul 6, Now I have an idea where to begin and what would I do with my synthesis essay. Of the six sources you gathered, you determine that Sources 2, 4, and 5 agree with your idea that eating chocolate makes it easier for you to function in high school:.
Cartoon shows a dreamy-eyed student with disheveled hair, sitting in front of a pile of homework, with chocolate smeared on his hands and face.
The caption reads 'A total chocolate relaxation. Graphic story illustrates an argument between chocolate lovers and chocolate haters who are high school students. These sources might also offer objections against your claim as well. Why is this important? Since a synthesis is an argument, answering the objections gives the reader a fair and unbiased view of your position, making it more credible.
After the pre-writing stages are completed, you are ready to write a final thesis, by aligning the information, main ideas, and interpretations of your sources with the first thesis you drafted during the pre-writing process. The thesis contains a one-sentence claim that asserts what, how, and why you will write about the topic. Thus, you write your final thesis as: A synthesis essay has an introduction, body, and conclusion.
However, each of these parts is written in a distinct way:. The introduction provides an overview of the topic, thesis, and sources, with some background information for the texts to be summarized. The body includes a topic sentence, information from more than one source, with in-text citations; it compares and contrasts sources in an objective two-sided interpretation, and informs the reader why the source argues a thesis.
The conclusion connects the ideas from the sources to your thesis, and describes how each supports your viewpoint.
The conclusion also rewords your claim so it is clear you are offering a different perspective on the topic. Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account. Each teacher might have a different way of explaining how a synthesis essay is constructed. Some teachers use the phrase 'talking with the text' to describe what a writer does when formatting this essay.
This 'back-and-forth' between the source, the writer, and interpretation is the unique design of a synthesis essay as well as the objective for synthesis essay writing. But then one day he had missed lunch, and started to get hungry during his trig class. He found a candy bar in his backpack, and after eating it, marveled at the fact that his stress levels seemed to drop. He suddenly felt more relaxed and able to focus on what the teacher was saying.
Here we have evidence from that news article that supports our argument that chocolate helps overwhelmed high school students. Prueter's experience demonstrates that one of the benefits of chocolate, aside from its great taste, is that it has the magical effect of reducing stress levels and improving concentration. Notice that we end with a concluding sentence that ensures evidence will be interpreted the way we want it to be interpreted. Writing a synthesis essay has four components: The first component involves thinking about the prompt, and choosing and evaluating sources.
The second component has to do with asserting a particular claim about the prompt, and backing it up with selected sources that support it. The third component is constructing the essay in a distinct format, using an introduction, body and conclusion. And through talking with the texts, a successful synthesis essay will combine several different sources and viewpoints to create a writer's own unique perspective. After you've finished this lesson, you should be able to list and describe the components of writing a synthesis essay.
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Find a degree that fits your goals. How to Write a Synthesis Essay: A quiz will follow. Try it risk-free for 30 days. An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. You must create an account to continue watching. Register to view this lesson Are you a student or a teacher? I am a student I am a teacher. What teachers are saying about Study.
Are you still watching? Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds. Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? Dead Men's Path by Chinua Achebe: Logical Fallacies in The Crucible. What is a Summary? Writing an Analytical Essay: Rhetorical Devices in The Great Gatsby. Test Prep and Practice. This is a lesson about how to write a synthesis essay, which is an advanced type of writing whereby the writer chooses a topic, asserts a claim, selects and combines sources, then constructs an original, well-written essay.
What is a Synthesis Essay? The process has four major components: Synthesizing sources Composing a thesis or claim Formatting the essay Talking with the texts Let's examine each of these four components in further detail.
Synthesizing Sources Before actually writing a synthesis essay, one must follow the pre-writing steps: Understanding the prompt Drafting a tentative thesis Choosing sources Close reading Evaluating sources Understanding the prompt means thinking about the selected topic, then following the instructions accordingly to support your ideas. Of the six sources you gathered, you determine that Sources 2, 4, and 5 agree with your idea that eating chocolate makes it easier for you to function in high school: Discusses the effect of chocolate on calming the brain and relaxing the heart.
Composing a Final Thesis After the pre-writing stages are completed, you are ready to write a final thesis, by aligning the information, main ideas, and interpretations of your sources with the first thesis you drafted during the pre-writing process.
Formatting the Essay A synthesis essay has an introduction, body, and conclusion. However, each of these parts is written in a distinct way: Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Talking with the Texts Each teacher might have a different way of explaining how a synthesis essay is constructed.
Step-by-step, the writer writes in the following way: See this process in action with this passage: Lesson Summary Writing a synthesis essay has four components: Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study. Become a Member Already a member? Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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A sample of the Synthesis/Analysis essay for use on the second major essay.
The Essay's Introduction Must: Introduce both readings you are analyzing (authors' full names, full titles of each piece, date, whether it is a speech, article, book chapter, personal essay, etc.).
Analysis & Synthesis Essay This assignment asks that you synthesize the essays by Freire and Wallace, and analyze their rhetoric (their method of persuasion), and their purpose. Things to think about. What Is a Synthesis Essay? Before we jump right into generating ideas and writing your synthesis, it would be pretty useful to know what a synthesis essay actually is, right? When you think about a synthesis essay, you can think of it as being kind of like an argumentative essay.
A synthesis essay requires the usage of unique parts to create a whole idea. A key factor of writing such essays is an analysis of a given text or a prompt. More Essay Examples on Writing Rubric For many of us, argumentative ideas become the background for self-expression - Analysis/ Synthesis Essay introduction. Talented analysts, writers, and professionals publicly express their viewpoints and try to persuade the rest of the nation in the rightness of their moral and ethical (or legal) approaches.