Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. By creating an account and enrolling on a course you can track your progress and earn a statement of participation, all for free. OpenLearn works with other organisations by providing free courses and resources that support our mission of opening up educational opportunities to more people in more places. The Open University is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in relation to its secondary activity of credit broking.
Skip to main content. Search for free courses, interactives, videos and more! Free learning from The Open University.
Free statement of participation on completion. Course description Course content Course reviews. Expand all course content. You need to buy this course to leave your review. Create an account to get more Track your progress Review and track your learning through your OpenLearn Profile. Statement of participation On completetion of a course you will earn a Statement of participation.
Access all course activities Take course quizzes and access all learning. Review the course When you have finished a course leave a review and tell others what you think. Full copyright details can be found in the Acknowledgements section of each week.
Take your learning further Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. Any problems or limitations in the scope of the report should be identified, and a description of research methods, the parameters of the research and any necessary background history should be included.
In some reports, particularly in science subjects, separate headings for Methods and Results are used prior to the main body Discussion of the report as described below. Information under this heading may include: This section should include a summary of the results of the investigation or experiment together with any necessary diagrams, graphs or tables of gathered data that support your results.
Present your results in a logical order without comment. Discussion of your results should take place in the main body Discussion of the report. The main body of the report is where you discuss your material. The facts and evidence you have gathered should be analysed and discussed with specific reference to the problem or issue.
If your discussion section is lengthy you might divide it into section headings. Your points should be grouped and arranged in an order that is logical and easy to follow. Use headings and subheadings to create a clear structure for your material. Use bullet points to present a series of points in an easy-to-follow list.
As with the whole report, all sources used should be acknowledged and correctly referenced. For further guidance check your departmental handbook and the Student Learning Centre guide: In the conclusion you should show the overall significance of what has been covered.
You may want to remind the reader of the most important points that have been made in the report or highlight what you consider to be the most central issues or findings. However, no new material should be introduced in the conclusion. Under this heading you should include all the supporting information you have used that is not published. This might include tables, graphs, questionnaires, surveys or transcripts. Refer to the appendices in the body of your report. In order to assess the popularity of this change, a questionnaire Appendix 2 was distributed to 60 employees.
The results Appendix 3 suggest the change is well received by the majority of employees. Your bibliography should list, in alphabetical order by author, all published sources referred to in your report.
There are different styles of using references and bibliographies. Texts which you consulted but did not refer to directly could be grouped under a separate heading such as 'Background Reading' and listed in alphabetical order using the same format as in your bibliography.
Where appropriate you may wish to acknowledge the assistance of particular organisations or individuals who provided information, advice or help. It is useful to provide an alphabetical list of technical terms with a brief, clear description of each term. You can also include in this section explanations of the acronyms, abbreviations or standard units used in your report.
All reports need to be clear, concise and well structured. The key to writing an effective report is to allocate time for planning and preparation. With careful planning, the writing of a report will be made much easier. The essential stages of successful report writing are described below. Consider how long each stage is likely to take and divide the time before the deadline between the different stages. Be sure to leave time for final proof reading and checking.
This first stage is the most important. You need to be confident that you understand the purpose of your report as described in your report brief or instructions.
Consider who the report is for and why it is being written. Check that you understand all the instructions or requirements, and ask your tutor if anything is unclear. Once you are clear about the purpose of your report, you need to begin to gather relevant information. Your information may come from a variety of sources, but how much information you will need will depend on how much detail is required in the report.
You may want to begin by reading relevant literature to widen your understanding of the topic or issue before you go on to look at other forms of information such as questionnaires, surveys etc. As you read and gather information you need to assess its relevance to your report and select accordingly.
Keep referring to your report brief to help you decide what is relevant information. Once you have gathered information you need to decide what will be included and in what sequence it should be presented.
Begin by grouping together points that are related. These may form sections or chapters. Remember to keep referring to the report brief and be prepared to cut any information that is not directly relevant to the report. Choose an order for your material that is logical and easy to follow.
Before you begin to write your first draft of the report, take time to consider and make notes on the points you will make using the facts and evidence you have gathered. What conclusions can be drawn from the material? What are the limitations or flaws in the evidence? Do certain pieces of evidence conflict with one another? It is not enough to simply present the information you have gathered; you must relate it to the problem or issue described in the report brief.
Having organised your material into appropriate sections and headings you can begin to write the first draft of your report. You may find it easier to write the summary and contents page at the end when you know exactly what will be included. Aim for a writing style that is direct and precise. Avoid waffle and make your points clearly and concisely. Chapters, sections and even individual paragraphs should be written with a clear structure.
Some academic assignments ask for a ‘report’, rather than an essay, and students are often confused about what that really means. Likewise, in business, confronted with a request for a ‘report’ to a senior manager, many people struggle to know what to write. Confusion often arises about the.
Academic report writing is a sub-part of report writing which is written to serve a specific purpose to the targeted readers. Its structure is the same as report structure but it involves a thorough research about the academic condition of the school, student or country or the theme provided for the assignment/5(K).
This guide has been written to provide a general introduction to writing reports. It outlines the typical structure of a report and provides a step by step guide to producing reports that are clear and well structured. A report is written for a clear purpose and to a particular audience. Specific. How to Write an Academic Report When you’re in college, and even in high school, your teachers and professors will ask you to communicate about your studies in the form of scholarly writing. In many subjects, scholarly writing can take the form of an academic report.
Academic report writing is an art where the motto of the writer is to keep the reader engaged through his or her writing style. The report must depict a student’s experience that is enriched with all gains, losses, good deeds and mistakes/5(K). Academic report writing template: useful phrases and expressions to use in your report. Types of Report - the names of different types of report and what they mean. Report Stages and Content - what goes in each section of a report. Stages.